Tuesday, January 31, 2017

puppy swimming pool

how much longer till our vacation barbie? chelsea, you asked me that 5 mins ago. its just a couple of hours. i can't wait for my dance competition. and barbie can we bring the puppies please? of course we can chelsea. they always make our vacations exciting. cupcakesurprisetoys hey guys its elena

and clara from cupcakesurprisetoys and today were going to help barbie & her sisters and the puppies have a vacation of a lifetime. because we have everything they need for their vacation right here in this barbie & her sisters in a puppy chase giant surprise egg. yay!!! a big thank you to the folks at mattel for sending all these toys so we can share them with you guys. the new barbie & her sisters in a puppy chase dvd is out now. i'm so excited elena. what will they do on their vacation?

i know it is really exciting. now lets open this egg to find out. its the barbie puppy chase swimmin pup pool this play set is so adorable. it comes with this mommy dog and she has this little puppy dog on her back. ahh and they swim in pool. this play set comes with a gorgeous barbie and she has a swimsuit that is tropical themed. and this barbie is amazing because her swimsuit changes colour from

from purple to pink. lets see whats next. barbie puppy chase fun dancin' horse i can't wait to see barbie on the dancin' horse. that will be so fun. this barbie fun dancin' horse comes with.. a dancin' horse! and she plays 3 different songs. barbie even gets to dance with her.

this play set comes with barbie and i love her outfit. its the ultimate barbie puppy mobile. this is the ultimate barbie suv. look at these colours. this is totally tropical themed. it comes with 4 puppies, and it opens to the perfect playground for barbie, her sisters and the puppies to hang out in. it's barbie puppy chase chelsea and her horse! now lets get barbie's sisters.

here's stacie ...and skipper. we can't have a vacation without ... barbie. yay!! now lets get these toys out of the box for barbie, and her sisters and the puppies. and then kids we are going to take you to see barbie & her sisters in a puppy chase tale of our own. now lets open the barbie ultimate puppy mobile. and look at all these cool stickers.

now lets put them on. this one. and the last one. and now for some more of those tropical flowers. beautiful. and to finish off lets put in the mirrors. now the other one. this play set comes with 4 adorable puppies, puppy food

and a puppy swing. it also comes with 4 tiki drinks for barbie and her sisters to enjoy. now lets open the barbie puppy mobile. second side. one click, two clicks, 3 clicks. this is the ultimate playground for barbie and her puppies. palm tree elevator hydrant and now lets set-up the zip wire for barbie's puppies.

i put my puppies on the elevator and the swing now watch them go. yay! now let's get the tiki bar set-up one, two, three and four. they look delicious. barbie and her sisters are going to love these.

and their tv and when the puppies are finished playing in the sand pit and on the zipwire they can take a nap in their bunk beds. one two and four. how adorable. now lets open the barbie dancin' fun horse

this play set is gorgeous. here's barbie and she is super pretty. she has brown boots, blue jeans and her legs really bend. her top is yellow, a pink shimmer and at the top its hot pink. and she comes with a helmet thats says barbie. now lets put it on. she's all ready to have fun dancing. here's barbie's horse and she is beautiful.

she has a pink saddle, pink reigns with flowers on them. she has the softest mane and tail and she has a pink streak and now for the best part. she dances and sings. you have to press this button now lets see barbie dancing on the horse. now lets see barbie dancing at the side of the horse. wasn't that so fun! that is such a fun toy. can i see the horse dancing again?

oh! i love her. now lets open the barbie swimmin' pup pool. wow. this pool is enormous and i love the flower detail. now lets open barbie so here is barbie. she is so pretty. she has a really pretty bathing suit, she has a pink shimmery cover up and her legs bend. yay!!

she is so gorgeous. here's the mommy dog. she is so nice. she has a pink bathing suit and she is also tropical themed because she has a yellow flower. and her little pup she's on the diving board. so lets fill up the pool with water so they can go swimming. now lets see the mommy dog swim. to make the mommy dog swim you turn her tail and press the button.

she's doing the doggy paddle. now lets see the mommy dog swim with her puppy. look at them go. now lets see barbie's swimsuit change colour. look her swimsuit changed to pink. isn't that totally awesome. chelsea looks ready to go on vacation with her swimsuit. she comes with a helmet that is aqua. here's chelsea's tropical island horse. she has a aqua reigns, with yellow and she has a pink flower.

she has a blonde mane and tail don't they look great together. now lets open the dolls. now that we have opened all the toys we are going to take you on our own barbie and her sisters in a puppy chase tale. chelsea you asked me that 5 mins ago. its just a couple of hours. and barbie can we bring the puppies please? of course we can chelsea. they always make our vacations exciting. oh i'm so happy to be here.

just smell that sea air and that fresh breeze. you girls are going to love this vacation! and now girls and puppies i have the ultimate place for us to relax and fun. oh barbie! this puppy mobile is wonderful. i love the tiki bar. this pineapple smoothie is the best. i sure could get use to this paradise. glad you are all having fun. now lets go check out the island on the way to chelsea's dance competition. this island is beautiful. whats that over there barbie?

wow it looks like and island party. let's go check it out. barbie its a dancing horse. i have got to try this. barbie was that so much fun? that was awesome. now we better get you to your dance competition. where are those puppies? oh no the puppies have gotten into the wrong puppy mobile. we've got a puppy chase on our hands. let's find those puppies.

puppies here we come. look barbie the puppies are over there. oh puppies we found you at last. now can i go to my dance competition? sure we better hurray. good luck chelsea you will be awesome. barbie this is the best holiday ever. so cupcakesurprisetoys fans i really hope you enjoyed our video of barbie & her sisters in a puppy chase giant surprise egg and all awesome toys.

so a big thank you to mattel for sending us these toys and don't forget the barbie & her sisters in a puppy chase dvd is out now. don't forget to like comment subscribe and share this video and follow us on instagram. you know you want to. bye cupcakesurprisetoy fans see you on our next video. bye!!

Monday, January 30, 2017

private swimming pools

i saw a need that wasn't being filled at most local pools and i wanted to make sure that children could actually learn how to swim in a safe and secure environment not just the confidence that they are building in the swim lessons themselves it's that confidence, we've seen it carry on into other parts of their lives we really focus on bringing the best experience not just to your child but to the whole process in general we want to make sure that from the beginning of the time that you call us right until your child has completed the set of lessons, you're happy throughout the entire time

Friday, January 27, 2017

price inground swimming pool

well, we install fiber glass pools, there is three main types of pools you can choose from when you are researching a swimming pool especially in ground. you can do a fiber glass, a concrete or a vinyl liner. the advantage with fiber glass is you do it once and you're done. you're going to spend a little bit more money then you initially would on a liner pool. a little bit less money then

you initially would on a concrete pool but you do it once and you don't have to replace the liner, you don't have to re-plaster and you can use about 75% less chemicals then you would on any other type of pool out there. another great advantage with the fiber glass in this market that we live in with the shorter swim season is that it is a much faster construction time. typically we're in

and out of a backyard within about two weeks.

Thursday, January 26, 2017

people swimming in the pool

when you take a swim in the local pool,how much of someone else's pee will you be swallowing, if you take amouth full of water? it's an important question. even olympianmichael phelps admits to occasionally spending a penny while swimming, and despite warning notices at mostpools against public urination, you can be sure that, when you next takea dip, someone will have ignored them. so when you doinadvertently take a gulp of water while swimming, how much of that will be someone else'sliquid waste?

for quick back in the envelopecalculation, assume we're talking about an olympic-sized pool here, containingaround two and a half million liters of water.now let's assume one of your fellow swimmers takes a long and satisfying, but surreptitious, pee, releasing about ahalf a liter of liquid into the pool. and finally, assume that you accidentallygulp up to a tenth of a liter of the resultingcocktail. in that mouthful, you imbibe a whopping 20 nanoliters of your fellow swimmers pee. if this was adroplet of pure pee,

it will be smaller than a grain of salt.of course, that's assuming that the pee mixes through the pool evenly, which it probably won't, at leastnot straight away. even so, you've not got much to worryabout beyond feeling icky, especially as there's not muchin pee that's harmful. there is a complication though. the uric acid in pee reacts with chlorineused to disinfect pools to produce a much more toxic substance. this is cyanogen chloride, and its nasty stuff.

so nasty, that all production must bereported to the organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons. on exposure, symptoms can vary from skin and eye irritation to nausea, vomiting, and, at high concentrations, death. but youneed quite a lot of it cause an effect. adults can be exposed to up to three and ahalf milligrams of the stuff a day before it's considered a problem.so how does that compare to what might be in your pee-infused mouthful ofswimming pool water? in that one mouthful, you'd be drinkingless

than two and a half picograms of cyanogen chloride. this is one thousand million times smaller the safe level. in fact, the folks over at ars technicacalculated that you'd need 3 million people in the pool, all peeingat the same time, and so much chlorine that it would beburning the skin of your bones before cyanogen chloride became close tobeing a problem. so despite the yuck factor of swallowingsomeone else's pee, and the fear factor that comes from

anything associated with cyanide, because of the low doses, the risks in this case are, if you'll forgive the pun, piddlinglysmall. for more information on pee, pools andcyanogen chloride, check out the links below. and as always,please do join the conversation in the comments.

Wednesday, January 25, 2017

little tikes swimming pool slide

hey, everyone! it’s sandra from the disneycartoy channel! and spidey awesome! and today, we’re going to play save the penguin, whichis brand new. he’s really cute, and has like little blocks of ice, so i think it’skind of like don’t break the ice, too? yeah. it looks. huhuh. yeah. very like a mixtureof games to me. yeah. yes. yeah. a mixture of games. anyway, it’s funny. up here, itsays “help! poor penguin is stuck in the freezing ice!” heheheh! in the f-freezing.heheheh. f-freezing. “can you help dig him out?” so i think whoever pops the penguinwins. ah! cool! and then of course, i’ve got some surprise toys over here. yay! surprisetoys! yeah, it looks really cool! oh, i’m excited. yeah, let’s open it up and let’ssee that penguin! yeah! okay. here’s our

little penguin. his name is percy, by theway. percy the penguin. kind of like thomas the tank engine train percy. hahahah. um,so for setup, you put all these ice blocks inside. yep, so they’re locked in. we dropin percy. “help me! help me! i’m stuck in the ice!” “stuck in the igloo!” heheheh.this is like ice age seven. yeah. hahahah. that’s our idea. seriously. um, as we figureout a little trowel. yeah. you go look that. yeah. push it down and then spin it a little.i’ve got to like turn it around. he kind of like sits in it. yeah. he wobbles. okay.he’s freezing! okay. which color do you want? um, i want red. okay. i’ll do yellow.it’s such a happy color. yeah. heheheh. it matches him. okay. so basically what youdo is you stick your little trowel inside

really far like. like you got to really. usemuscle. get in there and then. pulls it out. eh, there we go. like that. tadah!! and itsticks in there, yeah, and then you have to pull it out like that. okay. so, i didn’tpop percy there. didn’t pop percy? okay. err! okay. oh good! okay. there we go. okay.i’m going to look over here. you do like. you’ve got to be like strong. heheheh. heheheh.here we go. there you go. okay. i’ve got it. got it. oop. whoo! okay. so probably likefive enough at least i’d figure for this game. yes. um, okay, come on. oh there yougo. i’m getting better at it actually as i. i know. do it more. um, okay now? yep.and i’ve got this. oh! i heard a click. i think he kind of moved a little bit, somaybe the next one. or i should wait. where

did you pull that from? from here. okay. i’mgoing to try to go over there, then. somewhere. i don’t know. ooh. nope. okay. let’s seethis one. nope. heheheh. here we go. well. we’ll get close. ridiculous! what if wego all the way to the very last one? i know, then he says we never save him. what happensif we don’t save percy? uh-oh! he’s like frozen in there. oh!! yay!! you saved him!okay. whoo! i’ve saved percy! hahahah. i guess so i get the first choice. oh! a prize!so, i’ll do palace pets. oh wow!! that’s cool! all right. let’s get a full one. um,let me get this open. let’s see. oh, this is cool. i don’t know that we have it. oh,we do. never mind, just kidding. um, this is gleam. oh yeah, gleam. gleam is aurora’slittle deer. oh yeah! it’s very cute. oh,

wait! rapunzel! oh, rapunzel! yeah. ’causeshe has her crown on. oh, yeah. she’s got rapunzel’s crown. very cute. that’s cute.yeah. uh-oh! look what happened! stuck in the ice again! aah! “help me! help me!”we have to free him again! i know! we turn around for a second and he gets stuck in theice! so, actually, spidey, you go. so here, i’ll help him out. oh! hahahahah! wait!how in the world did you win that fast? okay, well. like literally, what is the chance ofthat? i just said “all right, i’ll pick a random, and then “pshew!” okay. well,spidey wins. here you go. open your pet shells. that was the quickest round of sympatheticthat you could possibly do. i know. the other one was longer, but okay. all right. well,i’ll take it. heheheh. i’ll take a mash’ems

pop pal. yes. yes. that’s cool. please don’tget marshmallow. no! hahahah! oh no! that was our luck! yeah. we have, we’ve got inrocky though, i believe too. yes. yes. rocky marshmallow. okay. we should have like anarmy of marshmallows. yeah. we should. that’d be funny. well, i can’t believe you savedpercy on one try. so quick! like oop! saved you. heheheh. i mean, you are a true superhero now. i know. ah, i’d still like to try. yes. huhuhuh. please make sure to likethis video. hmmm. so, should you want more games, subscribe to the disney cartoys channel.in the comments, let us know if you like cold weather. ooh, i don’t. i don’t either.no cold for me. hahahah. yeah, no. me neither. huhuhuh. click on a picture to watch anotherfun toy video, and click on the question mark

to watch a mystery video.

Tuesday, January 24, 2017

lava swimming pool

researchers have discovered a way to eliminatecavity causing bacteria in candy by covering it in more bacteria. and in order to prove that chemical signalscan transfer messages - york university researchers used vodka to send the world's first chemicaltext message. vsauce, kevin here.... this is mind blow. this swiss bank safe full of money is availableto be purchased and then moved and rebuilt anywhere in the world. it's the original banksafe from the schweizer volksbank built in the 1912. there are 1619 deposit boxes withoriginal keys and 8 million pieces of swiss 5 cent coins which is 15 tons of liquid money.

a 75 year old french man was given a revolutionaryheart transplant using a new artificial heart. the carmat artificial heart is expected tooperate for as long as five years and hopes to give the patient the ability to live anormal life until a real heart can be donated. unlike artificial hearts used in the pastit was developed to fully replicate the self-regulated contractions of a real heart by using an intricatesystem of sensors and microprocessors that monitors the body's internal changes and altersthe blood flow accordingly. brothers simon and chris parke are launchingtheir underwater jet pack. the arm worn propulsion system uses digital motors and wireless controlsto operate. giving people a new way to explore underwater.

poe is an interactive urinal concept thatmeasures your pee... so yeah. metapro is an augmented reality headset designedto give you 15 times the screen area of google glass in a pair of aviator glasses. it mirrorsdevices such as smart phones and laptops so users have them on the go at the touch ofa hologram. for now there will be a cord attached to a small computer you can fit in your pocketand they're ready for pre order at $3,000 and plan to ship in july 2014. the temperperfect mug is a smart mug thatallows the user to drink hot beverages at the perfect temperature all of the time. whenthe liquid inside is too hot the wall of the mug takes out the excess heat and then slowlyreleases it back into the liquid as it cools

keeping it at the ideal drinking temperature.check out their kickstarter for more. engineers at pacific northwest national laboratoryhave created a way to turn algae into bio crude oil in less than 60 minutes. â wet algaeis pumped into the front end of a chemical reactor where the oil is produced in underan hour. the only byproducts are water and material containing phosphorus, which canthen be recycled to grow more algae. after production the oil can be converted to beused as aviation fuel, gasoline, and diesel fuel. the schaft robot is the winner of the â darparobotics challenge of 2013. they were given eight tasks to demonstrate mobility, dexterity,manipulation, perception, and operator control

and they were created to simulate acts neededin a natural disaster. these include operating a vehicle, navigating difficult terrain, climbinga ladder, clearing debris, door manipulation, removing an object from a wall, manipulatingvalves, and operating a hose. researchers have developed a 3d modeling systemfor babies with congenital heart conditions. since babies are unable to be put into conventional3d scanners like mri's doctors have relied on echo imaging. but now within five minutesthey're able to create a 3d image they're able to share and use to explain to parentsand other health workers. finally "pleiades" by japan's enra combinesprojected light, animation choreography and music...

i'm going to leave you with an autonomousrobotic dragonfly. and as always - thanks for watching.

Monday, January 23, 2017

kids play swimming pool

anna elsa hey over here. look i got a newglam boat. wow barbie you have everything. i didn't even know you knew how to drive aboat. yea i know how to handle a boat i can almost anything. its like a car but no tires.do you guys want a ride. i would love to be we have all the kids with us. is there enoughroom? yea totally there's enough room for everyone. i just have to lift up my sun shade.all aboard. alright kids we are going to get into barbies boat and i don't exactly trusther driving so you both have to wear a helmets. oh no i didn't even think about bringing ahelmet for krista. well then again i forgot kristoff jr. on this trip to, it's just aforgetful day. so guys what do you think of my lovely new boat? isn't it so glamorous.i love taking romantic night cruses on this

thing with hans. and yesterday i took hanson a little boat ride and we saw dolphins. whoa dolphins that's so cool. can we lookfor some now? absoltutly. mom i see a cute sea turtle in the water. a sea turtle. i amafraid of sea turtles. lets get out of here. help. somebody help. help. i can't swim. help.oh no a cap sized boat in the ocean i'll save you guys. alright, got to lift this up. alright,flip it over. come on. oh this boat is heavy. alright there you go ladies. you are no longerdrowning. alright now i will save the children. oh come on. come on little one. lets go. alright,and in you go. and come on little guy, lets get you in here. ah there you go. alrightthis little girl. alright your good. and there we go. come on man lets go. come on almost.ah no no. come here, come here, over here.

lets go. okay. oh no i will save you littleguy. come here, come here. follow me mike the merman. lets put you in here. nice andsafe, ah there you go. what oh no oh no there is a sea turtle in the boat. ahh i am gettingout of here. the toy featured in this video is the barbie glam boat! the boat comes withof coarse the glam boat, a barbie doll with here own life jacket. and even a card boardcut out of ken. the boat has a really nice sun shade feature, you just lift up the frontof the boat and it acts as a nice sun shade for barbie. but also gives you two more seatsand also some room on the floor too. since the boat floats it's a great pool or bathtubtoy. the barbie that comes with this set is super cute. she has eye rings sunglasses,a life jacket and even a cute polka-dot bikini

underneath. thank you all for watching ifyou liked this video please click like and don't forget to subscribe. and to list inthe comments who you think barbie should give her boat to because obviously she can't driveit. see ya later. click on a picture to watch another fun toy video. thanks for watchingand have a great day!

Friday, January 20, 2017

inflatable swimming pools for sale

hello everybody. i'm miranda and today we're going to be reading topsy and tim learn to swim by jean and gareth adamson and illustrated by belinda worsley. topsy and tim were learning to swim. mummytook them to the swimming pool nearly every day. mummy helped them to put on their swimmingthings and blow up their armbands. she put their clothes safely in a locker. on the way to the pool there were showers,to make sure they were nice and clean. there was a small pool for beginners liketopsy and tim. it was full of noisy children. “race you to the water!” shouted topsy.topsy’s feet skidded. mr pollack the swimming

instructor rushed to save her. “never run near the pool,” he said.“the floor is wet and slippery ad its very hard if you fall and bang your head.” topsy and tim went doen the steps into thepool. mummy went in with them. the water came upto topsy and tim's middles. they held on to the rail and kicked as hardas they could. mummy did get splashed. “stretch your legs out,” she said. “now let me see you swim dog-paddle,”said mummy. topsy paddled like a puppy. her armbands helped her to float.

tim paddled hard. he splashed more than topsy,but his legs kept sinking. “do you think you could swim without yourarmbands?” asked mummy. “of course,” shouted tim.“im a champion swimmer.” first topsy stood in the water a few stepsfrom the side. then she pushed forward in the water and dog-paddled to the hand rail.“well done, topsy,” said mummy “you can really swim now.” then it was tims turn. he tried hard…buthis feet would not float. “never mind,” said mummy.“you must put your armbands back on.” “can i help?” said a kind voice.it was mr pollack the swimming instructor.

he told tim to bob right down until the waterwas up to his chin. “now walk along and pull the water backwith your hands,” he said. tim paddled hard with his hands, then he kickedup and down with his legs. “look at me,” he gasped. “ im swimming!”and he really was. mummy helped them to get dressed and dry theirhair. “wont dad be surprised when we tell himwe can swim without our armbands,” said tim. dad was waiting for them in the snack bar.“dad, we can swim!” cried topsy. dad was pleased.

he pointed to a poster on the wall.“there’s going to be a swimming competition,” he said. “ you can swim in the beginners’race, topsy and tim.” the next week dad and mummy and topsy andtim went to the big pool for the swimming competition.there were short races. there were long races. there was a race for children swimming ontheir backs. last of all there was the beginners’ racein the beginners’ pool. mr pollack blew his whistle to start the race.topsy swam dog-paddle as fast as she could. tim was left behind – but he knew what todo.

he bobbed right down in the water until itreached his chin, then he paddled hard with his hands and feet.everyone cheered as the children swam slowly across the pool. topsy and tim didn’t win the race, but everyonegot a beginners’ badge because they had all reached the other side. another great adventure with topsy and tim.can you swim as well as they can? maybe you should see if your local swimming pool hasa competition that you can be a part of. thanks very much for watching. see you soon for morestory time. bye!

Thursday, January 19, 2017

indoor swimming pools in va

we are in rosen at the aquana indoor swimmingpool centre. what is used normally in germany in each city.weekends families are going into the afternoon play and wave system for swimming.the main energy consumption as regarding to keeping the water and temperatures.there are a lot of water surface where you lose a lot of energy and this needs nearlycontinuous heat consumption of around 280-290 kwhere is the installation of a c200 we deliver to enwor, for the energy supply for the systemhere. first, enwor built a (chp) combined heat andpower plant with reciprocating natural gas fired engines.with use, the pump like system was not so

well designed, that one engine broke afternearly eight years. we replaced it with a capstone c200 micro-turbine,it was the first c200 micro turbine in germany in a combined heat and power plant application.the energy regulation system is operating with the reciprocating engine and the turbine,so that the reciprocating engine is continuous full running if the heat consumption is bigenough, and if the engine is not strong enough the turbine will step on.so the turbine will regulate rest of the needed of the energy to keep the energy consumptionlow and then regulate it. and if the consumption is too low for theengine to run in full load, the turbine will run as master.so the turbine is running optimising the

total heat supply with the chp system.in the next 3 years we plan to shut down the reciprocating engine inside and will replaceby a c200 micro turbine. this installation we have a two stage heatexchanger that increases the total efficiency of the turbine from the 82% to 89%, becauseof the second stage which use low water temperatures that we have an exhaust temperature of around50 degrees celsius with no condensing. so this is a big advantage of the high energyproduction as a system, so we reach thermal output 320 kw peak.after the disaster at fukushima, and the following discussion in germany concerning the energyterms, that means phasing out of nuclear energy and more use of alternative technologies.its quiet obvious that green technologies

with low emissions and high efficiencies takecentre stage very fast. and microturbines fulfil these requirements,especially in combined heat and power plant applications.

Wednesday, January 18, 2017

in ground swimming pool covers

hey guys, i'm shanley, and today i'm goingto tell you about this swimline 16' x 32' rectangular in-ground pool cover.this in-ground pool cover is designed to prevent debris and leaves from being blown into yourpool. it is made from a laminated polyethylene sheetingwoven with thick polyethylene stitching to make it highly resistant to punctures, tearsor chemical stains. the pool cover has also been treated withuv-inhibitors to protect it from sun damage. this in-ground pool cover comes with a 1 yearmanufacturer's warranty. and as always we offer unbeatable prices andfast, free shipping.

Tuesday, January 17, 2017

huntsville swimming pool

the last time we paid a visit to withrow springs state park north of huntsville we hieged along war eagle creek. this time we're to float war eagle creek and we couldn't wait to come back here. daniel, are you ready? let's hit it. behind us we have big eddie and to me it's one of the beautiful spots on the creek. it's one of the tallest bluffs we will see today. there is a private access and i want to say thank

you to the family that allowed us to access the river and they a lot for the area and we're going to float about 2 miles down to highway 23 access. hopefully we will get to see a couple of turkey and deer and this is a great time of year to see that. the gauge is about a foot and a half so the floating season is up to july but this year it's been tough. i think we will make it. we might need to get out but we will get there. >> for a family out this is the perfect creek i think.

>> generally this is a very easy going flow, usually class one. always in times of high water you have to take that into consideration and you have to do that with any moving water but with the war leagueel it's easy going. there are occasional strainers and down trees and i haven't floated this section in a couple of months and hopefully we don't run into that but if we do we will take it easy until we

get there. >> normally the put in area at the highway access and taken out at highway 23 access by withrow springs state park making a 4.6-mile float taking several hours. war eagle starts in madison county in the national forest and the head waters are the same as the [inaudible], the buffalo, big pine and it's one of those deals where i think it gets over looked by a lot of people. they look at the buffalo and the mulberry but there are people haven't been

on the war eagle and never heard of it. i think it's a hidden treasure. we are seeing more traffic every year and it's being discovered right now which is a good thing. >> definitely if you want the solitude out here and a calm slow picture eiveg this is it? >> and that's the thing about t it's a great family stream, a really good easy float. generally you don't have the crowds. on the weekend you might see a couple of boats but

it's not too bad. there could be some really good fishing along the creek as well. we have several people that camp with us and they fish for small mouth bass and other bass and catfish. it can be really good fishing at times. >> besides great fish floating opportunities on war eagle creek there are also excellent photo opts as well with the wildlife, the bluff and the over hang you can traverse under. canoe and cawack rentants are available by appointment with a interpreter

ready to guideow the float. keep in mind they're dependent on the war eagle creek water level and advised to check with the park on flow levels reserving your canoe or kayak. in the past we have taken you on the wild cave tour in blanchard springs caverns but for those that can't make that tour there is the regular tour in the developed section of the caverns and this has the benefit of being well lit which lets you

explore the full splendor of the cave formations. >> you may him called frozen waterfalls. that is a common name. i prefer to call them [inaudible] and they look like a strip of bacon on the wall. >> when talking about the history of the exploration of the caverntses one has to go back a thousand years and it was when a native american came in and never came out. a skull and a few scattered bones is all that remain. after the native

american exploration attempt for a thousand years or more the existedded without any evidence of anyone that went in. even for the settler they are named john blanchard never laid eyes on the splendor that lay beneath his homestead. it wasn't until 1934 when was the first recorded account of man entering them by willard hadley, a forest service recreation planner. then for another 20 years they remained silent again

except for the dripping of water. in 1955 several cavers began exploration and that's when the remains of the prehistoric native american were discovered. then in 1960 caver s hugh shell and hail bri antd began more extensive exploration mapping miles of passage ways. in 1963 they discovered the upper level which is known now as the dripstone trial. a photographer visited this upper level and blanchard springs caverns, the cave find of the

century. and so today visitors from all over are exploring and discovering on their own. >> what do you think buddy? pretty cool cave? >> the one part i was surprised about bats aren't that big. they're as big as a thumb and well, i got a penny that looks like a bat. you know it has a picture of a bat on it and there were crystals in the cave. i love crystals. >> some of those formations are really nice, aren't they. >> yeah.

>> were you surprised how big it was? >> yeah. it was like really high. like even higher than the top of that room over there. >> what about the temperature? were you surprised it wasn't really cold that it was kind of warm? >> well, i couldn't feel it. i was wearing my jacket. i forgot to take it off. >> what did you think of being down there, the whole feeling about being down there?

>> i thought it was really pretty down there, and i loved how the scenery was. you know lots of big cave rocks that i couldn't touch and i followed the rules and that's really good. >> what did you think of some of the formations? >> they were really big and and while i was down there i saw crickets and sen peds and salamanders. >> no. and i saw a wolf spider and a shell and it was really nice. >> did you see any bat people?

>> no. >> just kidding. what did you think of the caves? >> (inaudible). >> that's about describe its. it is pretty awesome. is there anything that surprised you about it? >> a lot of it. >> what did you think of those columns? >> amazing. >> along with all the wondrous formations there is still that one substance that always keeps coming up. >> bat guano, bat poop. >> what else with the bat?

>> [inaudible] >> yes. >> you did. what did you think about the bat skeleton? >> it's gross. >> well, nobody ever said cave exploration was pretty and picture esk. >> the petit jean river wildlife management area south of dardanelle is one of the best places in central arkansas to view winter river foul and also to see old bridges such as this bridge. >> we have a bridge down here at

nickel switch, and recently the game and fish commission approved the donation of that bridge to the city of danville. the bridge -- it's my understanding there are only two in the country. they're both in arkansas and one is located here across the petit jean river. we will move it to the city of danville and basically revamped and it will be placed across a stream there at a very unique

location for the city for the entirety of its life span. >> in this area and although it doesn't look like much now but normally -- >> normally the road that our trucks are sitting on and me and you would be under water and the trucks where they're sitting would be in three to 4 feet of water or more. >> and it's pretty good fishing i understand. >> yeah. different times of the year you can pile up on the

bass and the blue gill. >> the petit jean wildlife management area is located outside of dardanelle along highway 7 and 10. >> currently we are located on cane island screw on the west side of the petit jean river wildlife management area and the petit jean river wildlife management area is approximately around 16,000-acres of a bottom land hard wood with some protruding up land pine hard wood ridges. some of the

things that we will be looking at today is this area and north of the river and as far as hard wood go and habitat and being there it's one of the places the turkeys could do nesting and not worry about their eggs or drowning in the floods that come periodically throughout the year. >> the bottom land habitat is few and far between these days. >> yes. they're one of the most

endangered habitats left in the united states. there is approximately 10 to 15% of that bottom land lard wood left. >> tell us about the other moist units for the water fowland also to shet the shore birds to hang around. >> when the river leaves the banks and it's like this and good for water fowland hunters and on the east side we have moist soil units and we can hold water and control the water levels and manage the water

fowl and birds and we have an acre and 800 acres and became unusable for boat es and hunters and we went in there and pushed up into piles and we're going to develop if for shore birds and water fowl will use it. >> the petit jean river wildlife management area is also the northern most area of the country where the american alligator can still be found. >> we have a lake on the other

side on the east side called king fisher lake. that lake was built for the purpose of flooding those units but we have a population of alligators in there. it's my understanding you can't go further north in the united states and find a breeding group of alligators and they're in there and might migrate or stay in there but our alligators are pretty much fixed to that lake.

>> due to the fact that we shot this segment in the middle of winter needless to say we didn't spot aboutigators on this outing. the chances are much better during spring and summer. so whether you come for the wildlife or the old historic bridges a drive through the petit jean river wildlife management area south of dardanelle is rewarding just about anytime especially around sunset. >> brian emfinger with me here near ozark and one of the best

discoverers and in the past he's taken us to a couple of waterfalls and today a couple more, white oak creek falls and shower chair falls. let's do it brian. both of the waterfalls that brian and i are taking to are north of ozark into the national forest and go straight on pink twist road and after 2.7 miles you will turn left on to barnes road and off to the left look for the remnants of an old forest service road and depending what kind of vehicle you're in at

this point you may just want to hike in the rest of the way which is about three quarters of a mile until you reach the top of white oak creek falls. to get to the bottom of the falls just backtrack a few yards and ease your way down the bluff line. >> white oak creek falls is the waterfall they credit with kind of getting me started. i found some before but it was this bluff line and elevation to my key at finding the waterfalls. it's at 13,000 elevation and i looked around on the maps and

stuff and wherever creeks cross there is usually a waterfall and especially with larger ones like this and it varies in thickness but all of the big falls i found are on this bluff line across this area. white oak creek -- this is the northern branch of white oh creek and it flows into the park there between mulberry and ozark on the arkansas and i named this after the creek, white oak creek falls and that's

it. >> and you were able to take a neat shot of the falls and the stars? >> yes. there aren't many waterfalls in arkansas that don't have a bunch of trees around them so it's difficult to take pictures of the sky and the waterfall at the same time especially at dark so a few weeks ago i came down here. it was about a half moon. if the moon is too bright you can't see the stars and if it's too dim

it won't show the waterfall and i pitched by tent and had my camera up all night and it turned out to be a really nice picture. the moon was the picture illumination for the waterfall. i didn't have to use unnatural light. it was moonlight. >> brian took this spectacular shot of white oak creek falls from the backside when it was completely frozen. to get to brian's other waterfall, shower chair falls, you want to go back

down the highway before it turns into black top and left on to mountain top road. at the t intersection turn left on the county road 12. go pass the s curve stay to the right until the bottom of the hill and on to old forest road. go approximately three quarters of a mile and park on the left and from there it's a matter of waking the way down to the base of shower chair falls. >> there's no geographic references for this and it was

a nice waterfall. it definitely deserved a name. when i first found it was a couple of summers ago and it was really hot and that the formation and the water was hitting there and i sat down in it. it was very koferty so i thought about a few names that could possible be it and shower chair was one of the first ones that popped into my head and i talked to a few people and they thought it was a fitting name.

>> well, if i had a change of clothing with me i would sit there but i don't. >> it would be a little cold today. >> for brian's other waterfalls and much more check out his website, brian emfinger. com. so check out white oak creek falls and shower chair falls and for the gps coordinates for both of these you can find them on our website at aetn .org slash exploring arkansas and plus you can view 200 videos and we will see you next time for another

exciting venture on "exploring arkansas"

Monday, January 16, 2017

hunter college swimming pool

the president: thank you. everybody, pleasehave a seat. we've got somework to do here. (laughter) this is not allfun and games. welcome to the whitehouse, everybody. today, we celebrateextraordinary americans who have lifted our spirits,strengthened our union, pushed us toward progress.

i always love doing thisevent, but this is a particularlyimpressive class. we've got innovatorsand artists. public servants, rabblerousers, athletes, renowned character actors -- likethe guy from space jam. we pay tribute to thosedistinguished individuals with our nation's highestcivilian honor -- the presidentialmedal of freedom. now, let me tell you alittle bit about each of them.

first, we came close tomissing out on bill and melinda gates'incredible partnership. because apparently bill'sopening line was, "do you want to go out two weeksfrom this coming saturday?" he's good withcomputers, but -- fortunately, melindabelieves in second chances. and the world isbetter for it. for two decades, the gatesfoundation has worked to provide lifesaving medicalcare to millions -- boosting

clean water supplies,improving education for our children, rallyingaggressive international action on climate change,cutting childhood mortality in half. the list could go on. these two have donated moremoney to charitable causes than anyone, ever. many years ago, melinda'smom told her an old saying: "to know that even one lifehas breathed easier because

you lived -- that issuccess." by this and just about any other measure, fewin human history have been more successful than thesetwo impatient optimists. frank gehry has never letpopular acclaim reverse his impulse to defy convention. "i was an outsider from thebeginning," he says, "so for better or worse, i thrivedon it." the child of poor jewish immigrants, frankgrew up in los angeles, and throughout his life heembraced the spirit of a

city defined byan open horizon. he's spent his liferethinking shapes and mediums, seemingly the forceof gravity itself; the idea of what architecture couldbe he decided to upend -- constantly repurposing everymaterial available, from titanium to apaper towel tube. he's inspiring our nextgeneration through his advocacy for artseducation in our schools. from the guggenheim, tobilbao, to chicago's

millennium park -- ourhometown -- to his home in santa monica, which iunderstand caused some consternation amonghis neighbors -- - frank's work teaches usthat while buildings may be sturdy and fixed to theground, like all great art, they can lift our spirits. they can soar andbroaden our horizons. when an undergraduate fromrural appalachia first set foot on the national mallmany years ago, she was

trying to figure out a wayto show that "war is not just a victory or a loss,"but "about individual lives." she considered howthe landscape might shape that message, rather thanthe other way around. the project that maya lindesigned for her college class earned her a b+ -- -- and a permanent placein american history. so all of you b+students out there. the vietnam veteransmemorial has changed the way

we think about monuments,but also about how we think about sacrifice, andpatriotism, and ourselves. maya has given us more thanjust places for remembering -- she has created placesfor us to make new memories. her sculptures, chapels, andhomes are "physical act[s] of poetry," each remindingus that the most important element in art orarchitecture is human emotion. three minutes beforearmstrong and aldrin touched down on the moon, apollo11's lunar lander alarms

triggered -- red and yellowlights across the board. our astronauts didn'thave much time. but thankfully, theyhad margaret hamilton. a young mit scientist -- anda working mom in the '60s -- margaret led the team thatcreated the onboard flight software that allowed theeagle to land safely. and keep in mind that,at this time, software engineering wasn'teven a field yet. there were no textbooks tofollow, so, as margaret

says, "there was no choicebut to be pioneers." luckily for us, margaretnever stopped pioneering. and she symbolizes thegeneration of unsung women who helped sendhumankind into space. her software architectureechoes in countless technologies today. and her example speaks ofthe american spirit of discovery that exists inevery little girl and little boy who know that somehow,to look beyond the heavens

is to look deep withinourselves -- and to figure out just what is possible. if wright is flight andedison is light, then hopper is code. born in 1906, rear admiralgrace murray hopper followed her mother into mathematics,earned her phd from yale, and set out on a longand storied career. at age 37, and a full 15pounds below military guidelines, the gutsy andcolorful grace joined the

navy and was sent to work onone of the first computers, harvard's "mark one." shesaw beyond the boundaries of the possible, and inventedthe first compiler, which allowed programs to bewritten in regular language and then translated forcomputers to understand. while the women whopioneered software were often overlooked, the mostprestigious award for young computer scientistsnow bear her name. from cell phones to cybercommand, we can thank grace

hopper for openingprogramming to millions more people, helping to usherin the information age and profoundly shapingour digital world. speaking of reallysmart people -- -- in the summer of 1950, ayoung university of chicago physicist found himself at los alamos national laboratory. dick garwin was there, hesaid, because chicago paid its faculty for nine monthsbut his family ate for 12.

so by the next summer,dick had helped create the hydrogen bomb. and for the rest of hislife, he dedicated himself to reducing thethreat of nuclear war. dick's not only an architectof the atomic age. ever since he was acleveland kid tinkering with his father's movieprojectors, he's never met a problem he didn'twant to solve. reconnaissance satellites,the mri, gps technology, the

touchscreen all bearhis fingerprints. he even patented a "musselwasher" for shellfish -- which i haven't used. the other stuff i have. where is he? dick has advised nearlyevery president since eisenhower -- oftenrather bluntly. enrico fermi -- also apretty smart guy himself -- is said to have called dick"the only true genius" he

ever met. i do want to seethis mussel washer. along with these scientists,artists, and thinkers, we also honor those who haveshaped our culture from the stage and the screen. in her long andextraordinary career, cicely tyson has not only succeededas an actor, she has shaped the whole course history. cicely was never thelikeliest of hollywood stars.

the daughter of immigrantsfrom the west indies, she was raised by a hardworkingand religious mother who cleaned houses and forbadeher children to attend the movies. but once she got hereducation and broke into the business, cicely made aconscious decision not just to say lines,but to speak out. "i would not accept roles,"she said, "unless they projected us, particularlywomen, in a realistic light,

[and] dealt with us as humanbeings." and from "sounder," to "the trip to bountiful,"to "the autobiography of miss jane pittman," cicely'sconvictions and grace have helped for us see thedignity of every single beautiful member ofthe american family. and she's just gorgeous. (laughter and applause) yes, she is. in 1973, a critic wrote ofrobert de niro, "this kid

doesn't just act -- he takesoff into the vapors." and it was true, hischaracters are iconic. a sicilian fatherturned new york mobster. a mobster who runs a casino. a mobster who needs therapy. a father-in-law who isscarier than a mobster. al capone -- a mobster. robert combines dramaticprecision and, it turns out, comedic timing with hissignature eye for detail.

and while the name de nirois synonymous with "tough guy," his true gift is thesensitivity that he brings to each role. this son of new york artistsdidn't stop at becoming one of the world'sgreatest actors. he's also a director, aphilanthropist, co-founder of the tribecafilm festival. of his tireless preparation-- from learning the saxophone to remaking hisbody -- he once said, "i

feel i have to earn theright to play a part." and the result is honest andauthentic art that reveals who we really are. in 1976, lorne michaelsimplored the beatles to reunite on hisbrand new show. in exchange, heoffered them $3,000. and then he told them theycould share it equally, or they could giveringo a smaller cut. which was early proof thatlorne michaels has a good

sense of humor. on saturday night live, he'screated a world where a band of no-names becomecomedy's biggest stars. where our friends theconeheads, and cheerleaders, and land sharks, andbasement deadbeats, and motivational speakers, andan unfrozen caveman lawyer show up, and tom hanksis on "black jeopardy." after four decades, even inthis fractured media culture that we've got, snl remainsappointment viewing; a

mainline into not just ourcounterculture but our culture; still a challengeto the powerful, especially folks like me. and yet even after all theseyears, lorne jokes that his tombstone should bear justa single word that's often found in the show'sreviews -- "uneven." as a current u.s. senator would say: doggoneit, lorne - that's why people like you.

he produced a senator, too,that's pretty impressive. ellen degeneres has a wayof making you laugh about something ratherthan at someone. except when i danced on hershow -- she laughed at me. but that's okay. it's easy to forget now,when we've come so far, where now marriage is equalunder the law -- just how much courage was requiredfor ellen to come out on the most public of stagesalmost 20 years ago.

just how important itwas not just to the lgbt community, but for all of usto see somebody so full of kindness and light, somebodywe liked so much, somebody who could be our neighbor orour colleague or our sister challenge our ownassumptions, remind us that we have more in common thanwe realize, push our country in the direction of justice. what an incredibleburden that was to bear. to risk yourcareer like that.

people don't dothat very often. and then to have thehopes of millions on your shoulders. but it's like ellen says:w all want a tortilla chip that can support theweight of guacamole. which really makes no senseto me, but i thought would brighten the mood, because iwas getting kind of choked up. and she did pay a price --we don't remember this. i hadn't remembered it.

she did, for a pretty longstretch of time -- even in hollywood. and yet, today, every day,in every way, ellen counters what too often divides uswith the countless things that bind us together --inspires us to be better, one joke, onedance at a time. when the candidate wins hisrace in the iconic 1972 film of the same name, whichcontinues, by the way, for those of you who haven'tseen it, and many of you are

too young -- perhaps thebest movie about what politics isactually like, ever. he famously asks hiscampaign manager the reflective and revealingquestion: "what do we do now?" and like the man he playedin that movie, robert redford has figured it outand applied his talent and charm to achieve success. we admire bob not just forhis remarkable acting, but for having figuredout what to do next.

he created a platform forindependent filmmakers with the sundance institute. he has supported ournational parks and our natural resources asone of the foremost conservationistsof our generation. he's given his unmatchedcharisma to unforgettable characters like roy hobbs,nathan muir, and of course the sundance kid,entertaining us for more than half a century.

as an actor, director,producer, and as an advocate, he has not stopped-- and apparently drives so fast that he had breakfastin napa and dinner in salt lake. at 80 years young, robertredford has no plans to slow down. according to a recentheadline, the movie, sully was the last straw. we should nevertravel with tom hanks. i mean, you think about, yougot pirates, plane crashes,

you get marooned in airportpurgatory, volcanoes -- something happenswith tom hanks. and yet somehow, we can'tresist going where he wants to take us. he's been an accidentalwitness to history, a crusty women's baseball manager, aneveryman who fell in love with meg ryan three times. made it seem natural to havea volleyball as your best friend.

from a philadelphiacourtroom, to normandy's beachheads, to the darkside of the moon, he has introduced us to america'sunassuming heroes. tom says he just saw"ordinary guys who did the right thing at the righttime." well, it takes one to know one, and "america'sdad" has stood up to cancer with his beloved wife, rita. he has championed ourveterans, supported space exploration, and the truthis, tom has always saved his

best roles for real life. he is a good man -- which isthe best title you can have. so we got innovators,entertainers -- three more folks who've dedicatedthemselves to public service. in the early 1960s,thousands of cuban children fled to america, seeking aneducation they'd never get back home. and one refugee was15-year-old named eduardo padron, whose life changedwhen he enrolled at miami

dade college. that decision led to abachelor's degree, then a master's degree, then a phd,and then he had a choice -- he could go into corporateamerica, or he could give back to his alma mater. and eduardo made his choice-- to create more stories just like his. as miami dade's presidentsince 1995, dr. padron has built a "dream factory" forone of our nation's most

diverse student bodies --165,000 students in all. he's one of the world'spreeminent education leaders -- thinking out of thebox, supporting students throughout their lives,embodying the belief that we're only as greatas the doors we open. eduardo's example is one weall can follow -- a champion for those who strive for thesame american dream that first drew himto our shores. when elouise cobell firstfiled a lawsuit to recover

lands and money for herpeople, she didn't set out to be a hero. she said, "i justwanted...to give justice to people that didn't have it."and her lifelong quest to address the mismanagementof american indian lands, resources, and trust fundswasn't about special treatment, but the equaltreatment at the heart of the american promise. she fought for almost 15years -- across three

presidents, seven trials, 10appearances before a federal appeals court. all the while, she traveledthe country some 40 weeks a year, telling thestory of her people. and in the end, thisgraduate of a one-room schoolhouse becamea macarthur genius. she is a proud daughter ofmontana's blackfeet nation. reached ultimately ahistoric victory for all native americans.

through sheer force of willand a belief that the truth will win out, elouise cobellovercame the longest odds, reminding us that fightingfor what is right is always worth it. now, every journalist in theroom, every media critic knows the phrase newtminow coined: the "vast wasteland." but the twowords newt prefers we remember from his speech tothe nation's broadcasters are these: "publicinterest." that's been the

heartbeat of his life's work-- advocating for residents of public housing, advisinga governor and supreme court justice, cementingpresidential debates as our national institution,leading the fcc. when newt helped launchthe first communications satellites, makingnationwide broadcasts possible -- and eventuallygps possible and cellphones possible -- he predicted itwould be more important than the moon landing.

"this will launch ideas intospace," he said, "and ideas last longer than people." asfar as i know, he's the only one of today's honorees whowas present on my first date with michelle. imagine our surprise when wesaw newt, one of our bosses that summer, at the movietheater -- do the right thing. so he's been vital tomy personal interests. and finally, we honor fiveof the all-time greats in sports and music.

the game of baseball has ahandful of signature sounds. you hear thecrack of the bat. you got the crowd singing inthe seventh inning stretch. and you've got thevoice of vin scully. most fans listen to a game'sbroadcast when they can't be at the ballpark. generations of dodger fansbrought their radios into the stands because youdidn't want to miss one of vin's stories.

most play-by-play announcerspartner with an analyst in the booth to chatabout the action. vin worked alone andtalked just with us. since jackie robinsonstarted at second base, vin taught us the game andintroduced us to its players. he narrated the improbableyears, the impossible heroics, turned contestsinto conversations. when he heard about thishonor, vin asked with characteristic humility,"are you sure?

i'm just an old baseballannouncer." and we had to inform him that to americansof all ages, you are an old friend. in fact, i thought about himdoing all these citations, which would have been verycool, but i thought we shouldn't make him singfor his supper like that. "up next" -- here's how great kareemabdul-jabbar was: 1967, he had spent a year dominatingcollege basketball, the ncaa

bans the dunk. they'd didn't say it wasabout kareem, but it was about kareem. when a sport changes itsrules to make it harder just for you, youare really good. and yet despite the rulechange, he was still the sport's mostunstoppable force. it's a title he'd hold formore than two decades, winning nba finals mvps astaggering 14 years apart.

(someone sneezes) bless you. and as a surprisinglysimilar-looking co-pilot, roger murdoch, once said inthe movie, airplane -- i mean, we've got some greatactors here -- space jam, airplane. he did it all while draggingwalton and lanier up and down the courtfor 48 minutes. but the reason we honorkareem is more than just a

pair of gogglesand the skyhook. he stood up for his muslimfaith when it wasn't easy and it wasn't popular. he's as comfortable sparringwith bruce lee as he is advocating on capitolhill or writing with extraordinary eloquenceabout patriotism. physically, intellectually,spiritually -- kareem is one-of-a-kind -- an americanwho illuminates both our most basic freedoms andour highest aspirations.

when he was five years old,michael jordan nearly cut off his big toe with an axe. back then, his handlesneeded a little work. but think -- if things hadgone differently, air jordan just might neverhave taken flight. i mean, you don't want tobuy a shoe with one toe missing. we may never have seen himswitch hands in mid-air against the lakers. or drop 63 in the garden.

or gut it outin the flu game. or hit "the shot" threedifferent times -- over georgetown, overehlo, over russell. we might not have seenhim take on larry bird in h-o-r-s-e or lift up thesport globally along with the dream team. yet mj is still more thanthose moments; more than just the best player on thetwo greatest teams of all time -- the dream team andthe chicago '96 bulls.

he's more than a logo, morethan just an internet meme. more than just a charitabledonor or a business owner committed to diversity. there is a reason you callsomeone "the michael jordan of" -- michael jordan ofneurosurgery, or the michael jordan of rabbis, or themichael jordan of outrigger canoeing -- and they knowwhat you're talking about. because michael jordanis the michael jordan of greatness.

he is the definition ofsomebody so good at what they do that everybodyrecognizes them. that's pretty rare. as a child, diana ross lovedsinging and dancing for family friends --but not for free. she was smart enoughto pass the hat. and later, in detroit'sbrewster housing projects, she met mary wilsonand florence ballard. their neighbor, smokeyrobinson, put them in front

of berry gordy -- and therest was magic -- music history. the supremes earned apermanent place in the american soundtrack. along with her honey voice,her soulful sensibility, diana exuded glamour andgrace that filled stages that helped to shapethe sound of motown. on top of becoming oneof the most successful recording artists of alltime, raised five kids -- somehow found time to earnan oscar nomination for acting.

today, from the hip-hop thatsamples her, to the young singers who've been inspiredby her, to the audiences that still cannot get enoughof her -- diana ross's influence isinescapable as ever. he was sprung from acage out on highway 9. a quiet kid from jersey,just trying to make sense of the temples of dreams andmystery that dotted his hometown -- pool halls,bars, girls and cars, altars and assembly lines.

and for decades, brucespringsteen has brought us all along on a journeyconsumed with the bargains between ambition andinjustice, and pleasure and pain; the simple gloriesand scattered heartbreak of everyday life in america. to create one of his biggesthits, he once said, "i wanted to craft a recordthat sounded like the last record on earth...the lastone you'd ever need to hear. one glorious noise...thenthe apocalypse." every

restless kid in america wasgiven a story: "born to run." he didn't stop there. once he told us abouthimself, he told us about everybody else. the steelworker in"youngstown." the vietnam vet in "born in theusa." the sick and the marginalized on "the streetsof philadelphia." the firefighter carrying theweight of a reeling but resilient nation on "therising." the young soldier

reckoning with "devilsand dust" in iraq. the communities knocked downby recklessness and greed in the "wrecking ball." all ofus, with all our faults and our failings, every color,and class, and creed, bound together by one defiant,restless train rolling toward "the land of hopeand dreams." these are all anthems of our america; thereality of who we are, and the reverie ofwho we want to be. "the hallmark of a rockand roll band," bruce

springsteen once said, isthat "the narrative you tell together is bigger thananyone could have told on your own." and for decades,alongside the big man, little steven, a jersey girlnamed patti, and all the men and women of the e streetband, bruce springsteen has been carrying the rest of uson his journey, asking us all "what is the work forus to do in our short time here." i am the president. but he is the boss.

and pushing 70, he's stilllaying down four-hour live sets -- if you have beenat them, he is working. "fire-breathing rock 'n'roll." so i thought twice about giving him a medalnamed for freedom because we hope he remains, in hiswords, a "prisoner of rock 'n' roll" for years to come. so, i told you, this islike a really good class. ladies and gentlemen, i wantyou all to give it up for the recipients of the 2016presidential medal of freedom.

(applause) it is a good group. all right. now we actually gotto give them medals. so please be patient. we are going to have mymilitary aide read the citations. each one of them will comeup and receive the medals, and then we'll wrapup the program.

okay. let's hit it. military aide:kareem abdul-jabbar. an iconic basketball playerwho revolutionized the sport with his all-around play andsignature skyhook, kareem abdul-jabbar is a 19-timeall-star, a 6-time world champion, and the leadingscorer in nba history. adding to his achievementson the court he also left his mark off of it,advocating for civil rights,

cancer research, scienceeducation, and social justice. in doing so, kareemabdul-jabbar leaves a towering legacy ofcompassion, faith, and service to others -- alegacy based not only on the strength and grace of hisathleticism, but on the sharpness of his mind andthe size of his heart. turk cobell, acceptingon behalf of his mother, elouise c. cobell yellowbird woman. a member of the blackfeetnation, elouise cobell spent

her life defying the oddsand working on behalf of her people. as a young woman, she wastold that she wasn't capable of understanding accounting. so she mastered the field --and used her expertise to champion a lawsuit whosehistoric settlement has helped restore tribalhomelands to her beloved blackfeet nation andmany other tribes. today, her tenacious andunwavering spirit lives on

in the thousands of peopleand hundreds of tribes for whom she fought and in allthose she taught to believe that it is never too late toright the wrongs of the past and help shapea better future. ellen degeneres. in a career spanning threedecades, ellen degeneres has lifted our spirits andbrought joy to our lives as a stand-up comic, actor,and television star. in every role, she remindsus to be kind to one another

and to treat people as eachof us wants to be treated. at a pivotal moment, hercourage and candor helped change the hearts and mindsof millions of americans, accelerating our nation'sconstant drive toward equality andacceptance for all. again and again, ellendegeneres has shown us that a single individual can makethe world a more fun, more open, more loving place --so long as we "just keep swimming."

robert de niro. for over 50 years, robert deniro has delivered some of screen's most memorableperformances, cementing his place as one of the mostgifted actors of his generation. from "the godfather part ii"and "the deer hunter" to "midnight run" and "heat,"his work is legendary for its range and depth. relentlessly committed tohis craft, de niro embodies

his characters, creatingrich, nuanced portraits that reflect the heart ofthe human experience. regardless of genre or era,robert de niro continues to demonstrate thatextraordinary skill that has made him one of america'smost revered and influential artists. richard l. garwin. one of the most renownedscientific and engineering minds of our time,dr. richard garwin has

always answered the call tohelp solve society's most challenging problems. he has coupled hispioneering work in defense and intelligencetechnologies with leadership that underscores the urgencyfor humanity to control the spread of nuclear arms. through his advice torepublican and democratic administrations dating topresident eisenhower, his contributions in fundamentalresearch, and his inventions

that power technologies thatdrive our modern world, richard garwin hascontributed not only to this nation's security andprosperity, but to the quality of life for peopleall over the world. william h. gates iii and melinda french gates. few people have had theprofound global impact of bill and melinda gates. through their work at thebill and melinda gates foundation, they'vedemonstrated how the most

capable and fortunate amongus have a responsibility to use their talents andresources to tackle the world's greatest challenges. from helping women and girlslift themselves and their families out of povertyto empowering young minds across america, they havetransformed countless lives with their generosityand innovation. bill and melinda gatescontinue to inspire us with their impatient optimismthat, together, we can

remake the worldas it should be. frank gehry. never limited byconventional materials, styles, or processes, frankgehry's bold and thoughtful structures demonstratearchitecture's power to induce wonder andrevitalize communities. a creative mind from anearly age, he began his career by building imaginaryhomes and cities with scrap material from hisgrandfather's hardware store.

since then, his workcontinues to strike a balance betweenexperimentation and functionality, resulting insome of the 20th century's most iconic buildings. from his pioneering use oftechnology to the dozens of awe-inspiring sites thatbear his signature style to his public service as acitizen artist through his work with turnaround arts,frank gehry has proven himself an exemplar scholarof american innovation.

margaret heafield hamilton. a pioneer in technology,margaret hamilton defined new forms of softwareengineering and helped launch an industry thatwould forever change human history. her software architectureled to giant leaps for humankind, writing the codethat helped america set foot on the moon. she broke barriers infounding her own software

businesses, revolutionizingan industry and inspiring countless women toparticipate in stem fields. her love of exploration andinnovation are the source code of the american spirit,and her genius has inspired generations toreach for the stars. thomas j. hanks. throughout a distinguishedfilm career, tom hanks has revealed the character ofamerica, as well as his own. portraying war heroes, anastronaut, a ship captain, a

cartoon cowboy, a young mangrowing up too fast, and dozens of others, he'sallowed us to see ourselves -- not only as we are,but as we aspire to be. on screen and off, tom hankshas honored the sacrifices of those who have served ournation, called on us all to think big and to believe,and inspired a new generation of young peopleto reach for the sky. deborah murray, accepting onbehalf of her great aunt, grace murray hopper.

as a child who loveddisassembling alarm clocks, rear admiral grace murrayhopper found her calling early. a vassar alumna with a ph.d. in mathematics from yale,hopper served in the navy during world war ii,becoming one of the first programmers inearly computing. known today as the "queen ofcode," grace hopper's work helped make the codinglanguage more practical and accessible.

she invented the firstcompiler, or translator, a fundamental element ofour now digital world. "amazing grace" wascommitted to making the language of computerprogramming more universal. today, we honor hercontributions to computer science and the sense ofpossibility she inspired in generations of young people. michael j. jordan. powered by a drive tocompete that earned him

every major award inbasketball, including six nba championships, five mostvaluable player awards, and two gold medals, michaeljordan has a name that's become a synonymfor excellence. his wagging tongue andhigh-flying dunks redefined the game, making him aglobal superstar whose impact transcendedbasketball and shaped our nation's broader culture. from the courts inwilmington, chapel hill, and

chicago to the owner's suitehe occupies today, his life and example have inspiredmillions of americans to strive to "be like mike." maya y. lin. boldly challenging ourunderstanding of the world, maya lin's designs havebrought people of all walks of life together inspirits of remembrance, introspection, and humility. the manipulation of naturalterrain and topography

within her works inspires usto bridge our differences and recognize the gravity ofour collective existence. her pieces have changed thelandscape of our country and influenced the dialogue ofour society -- never more profoundly than with hertribute to the americans who fell in vietnam by cuttinga wound into the earth to create a sacred place ofhealing in our nation's capital. lorne michaels.

one of the mosttransformative entertainment figures of our time, lornemichaels followed his dreams to new york city, where hecreated a sketch show that brought satire, wits, andmodern comedy to homes around the world. under his meticulous commandas executive producer, "saturday night live" hasentertained audiences across generations, reflecting --and shaping -- critical elements of our cultural,political, and national life.

lorne michaels' creativelegacy stretches into late-night television,sitcoms, and the big screen, making us laugh, challengingus to think, and raising the bar for those who follow. as one of his show'ssignature characters would say, "well, isn'tthat special?" newton n. minow. as a soldier, counsel tothe governor of illinois, chairman of the federalcommunications commission,

and law clerk to the chiefjustice of the supreme court, newton minow's careerhas been defined by his devotion to others. deeply committed to hisfamily, the law, and the american people, hisdedication to serving and empowering the public isreflected in his efforts to ensure that broadcast mediaeducates and provides opportunity for all. challenging the media tobetter serve their viewers,

his staunch commitment tothe power of ideas and information has transformedtelecommunications and its influential rolein our society. dr. eduardo j. padrã³n. as a teenage refugee fromcuba, eduardo padrã³n came to the united states to pursuethe american dream, and he has spent his life makingthat dream real for others. as president of thecommunity college he once attended, his thoughtfulleadership and commitment to

education have transformedmiami dade college into one of the premier learninginstitutions in the country, earning him praisearound the world. his personal story andlasting professional influence prove that successneed not be determined by our background, but by ourdedication to others and our passion for creating americathat is as inclusive as it is prosperous. robert redford.

robert redford hascaptivated audiences from both sides of the camerathrough entertaining motion pictures that often explorevital social, political, and historical themes. his lifelong advocacy onbehalf of preserving our environment will prove asan enduring legacy as his award-winning films, as willhis pioneering support for independent filmmakersacross america. his art and activismcontinue to shape our

nation's cultural heritage,inspiring millions to laugh, cry, think, and change. diana ross. a daughter of detroit, dianaross helped create the sound of motown withher iconic voice. from her groundbreaking workwith the supremes to a solo career that has spanneddecades, she has influenced generations of young artistsand shaped our nation's musical landscape.

in addition to a grammyâ©lifetime achievement award and countless musicalaccolades, diana ross has distinguished herself asan actor, earning an oscar nomination and agolden globe award. with over 25 albums,unforgettable hit singles, and live performances thatcontinue to captivate audiences around the world,diana ross still reigns supreme. next up, vin scully.

with a voice thattranscended a sport and transformed a profession,vin scully narrated america's pastime forgenerations of fans. known to millions as thesoundtrack of summer, he found time to teach usabout life and love while chronicling routine playsand historic heroics. in victory and in defeat,his colorful accounts reverberated through thebleachers, across the airwaves, and into ourhomes and imaginations.

he is an american treasureand a beloved storyteller, and our country's gratitudefor vin scully is as profound as hislove for the game. bruce f. springsteen. as a songwriter, ahumanitarian, america's rock and roll laureate, andnew jersey's greatest ambassador, brucespringsteen is, quite simply, the boss. through stories aboutordinary people, from

vietnam veterans to steelworkers, his songs capture the pain and the promise ofthe american experience. with his legendary e streetband, bruce springsteen leaves everything on stagein epic, communal live performances that haverocked audiences for decades. with empathy and honesty, heholds up a mirror to who we are -- as americans chasingour dreams, and as human beings trying todo the right thing. there's a place for everyonein bruce

springsteen's america. cicely tyson. for sixty years, cicelytyson has graced the screen and the stage, enlighteningus with her groundbreaking characters and calls toconscience, humility, and hope. her achievements as anactor, her devotion to her faith, and her commitment toadvancing equality for all americans-especially womenof color -- have touched audiences of multiplegenerations.

from "the autobiographyof miss jane pittman," to "sounder," to "the trip tobountiful," cicely tyson's performances illuminate thecharacter of our people and the extraordinarypossibilities of america. the president: so, just on apersonal note, part of the reason that these events areso special to me is because everybody on this stagehas touched me in a very powerful, personal way --in ways that they probably couldn't imagine.

whether it was having beeninspired by a song, or a game, or a story, or a film,or a monument, or in the case of newt minowintroducing me to michelle -- -- these are folks who havehelped make me who i am and think about my presidency,and what also makes them special is, this is america. and it's useful when youthink about this incredible collection of people torealize that this is what makes us the greatestnation on earth.

not because of what we -- not because of ourdifferences, but because, in our difference, we findsomething common to share. and what a gloriousthing that is. what a great giftthat is to america. so i want all of youto enjoy the wonderful reception that will betaking place afterwards. michelle and i have to getback to work, unfortunately, but i hear the foodis pretty good.

and i would like all of youto give one big rousing round of applause to our2016 honorees for the give it up.

Friday, January 13, 2017

how to take down a swimming pool

we are moving and want to take our pool withus. can we disassemble the pool wall and frame? can the liner be reused? doughboy pools aredesigned to be installed, taken down, moved and reinstalled. the liner can not be usedagain however because the skimmer and return cut outs can never be lined up properly toprevents leaking in those areas.

Thursday, January 12, 2017

how to drain a swimming pool with a hose

hi, i'm mike the poolman in folsom, californiaand today i'm going show you how to clean one of my favorite filters: the pentair quadd.e. diatomaceous earth filter. the first thing we want to do is make surethat the pump is off and it stays off. we've got a pentair variable speed pump. ill open the little pump door and show youhow to turn it off. to put it in stopped mode, i'm going to pushthe start/ stop button and you can see that it says stopped. the pump will not turn back on. whenever we clean a filter we always wantto open the air bleed to relieve any pressure.

on this filter its just a simple turn. you may be able to hear the air relievingitself. now its ok to open. i want to pull the manifold off the top- justkind of wiggle it and it pulls right off. that's the air relief/ bleed screen. you can hose that off or just rinse it offin the pool. you don't have to drain this filter, it'snice if you can. if there are two things about this filteri wish that pentair would improve, "are you listening pentair?"

i wish they made this filter in black to matchtheir other line of pumps and, the drain is in an awkward spot. i'll show you where. as you can see, the drain plug is in a reallyawkward spot and its difficult to get to. well, it doesn't help when you tighten it! its hard to tell which way to turn when itsupside down. and once i get it i can open it and the waterwill spill out. i feel like i'm doing yoga right now... now that the tank is drained, you just wiggleand pull the four elements out.

these look much like paper elements but they'renot, they're made out of polyester or nylon. they are a much heavy duty material but youhave to make sure that you recharge the filter with new diatomaceous earth, or, if you runstraight dirty water through this you will ruin the these very quickly. do you want to take a look in the bottom ofthe tank? and that's what the tank looks like. so i found a nice place in the yard to cleanthe filters. there are several things i like about thequad d.e. filter: 1) it filters more fine particulate out than a regular paper cartridgefilter

2) and from a service guy's perspective, itsso easy to clean. the pleats are much further apart so it doesn'ttake as long to clean it, you don't get as wet and its an easier clean up. also, i use a de alternative when i rechargethe filter. i'll show that when we recharge it (laterin the video) but it makes less of a mess and its organic so that you don't get diatomaceousearth, traditional diatomaceous earth that tends to leave white marks (residue) in theyard. i'll go about cleaning it now. i think it took less than 2 minutes to cleanthat element and this backyard doesn't even

have very good water pressure on the hose. you could literally clean these out almostspotless in less than 15 minutes. you can't do that with a large paper filter. that's pretty clean! can you see how easy the dirt comes out ofhere because its coated with diatomaceous earth? the diatomaceous earth is the filtration mediawhich captures the dirt and coats the filter and it just comes out with very little waterpressure. its great.

four filters cleaned up pretty quickly- veryeasy to do. now, let's put them back together and we willrecharge the filter. i'm back at the filter ready to put it backtogether. one of the things you always want to do istake off the o-ring. i always go dunk it in the pool just to getany grit or dirt off of it. then you want to make sure that the groovethat it sits in is nice and clean. this is a mistake that many people make whenthey don't take the o-ring off and a little bit of de or dirt builds up around it andwhen they put the clamp on the filter leaks. you can just hose it off or, just pour a littlewater on it and run your finger around it

and it's ready to go. if you look inside the filter you can seewhat it looks like after i've hosed it out and it's all nice and clean. put the bottom manifold back on, it just sitsthere. and now, i can put the elements back in. what i didn't mention, another thing i loveabout this filter is they are so light even when they're full of dirt, they are a lotlighter, a lot lighter than dirty paper cartridge elements. this is especially helpful for people whodon't have a lot of strength- maybe the elderly

if you still have to clean your own filter. so, you can pick these up pretty easily andjust set it in there. by the way, there's no right-side-up. either way it goes in. i put my little screen on that's been cleaned. those just tap in place....and my o-ring. make sure there is nothing on this o-ring. and, i don't believe in lubing the o-ring. i know a lot of retail stores will tell youthey like to lube the o-ring.

to me, it's great for about a month and it'snice and slippery and then the lube turns to glue and then it attracts dirt and it'sa big mess. when you need a new o-ring every couple years,just buy a new one, i am not a lube guy. the tank goes on any way you want. i always try to do it so the when the gaugeis closed that it's facing where you can see it well. just set it on there. the clamp goes on either way. i'm a rightie so i like to put it on for mebeing right-handed.

when i took it off it was left-handed andi don't (personally) like it that way. it doesn't matter which position the bandgoes in and the bolt. you can put it anywhere you want. i like to put it out of the way so i don'tcatch my clothes on it or run into the bolt. so this is how we assemble it: little washer-and i'm detailing this because so many people put this together incorrectly, we find itall the time. spring, then i've got my nut, my washer andit slips inside and i tighten it. now, most things on a pool equipment set youjust want to hand-tighten, except the filter because its under pressure we really wantto tighten it down pretty well.

when it (the pump) turns on it will stretchit a little bit and it will loosen the band so i always like to tap it a few times tohelp seat it. you can use a rubber mallet, a rock, yoursocket, what have you, i'm using my socket today so i'm using it. after you tap it you'll feel its looseningup a bit and you can crank it down a little bit more. that's pretty good. you don't have to go crazy tight as some peopledo (scott!) but good-n-tight. and then, we have to put this... drain plugback on...pentair, are you listening?

black filter... drain plug in a differentspot. pleeeaase?? maybe on the side? you don't want to go too tight here. just snug because it is plastic. i always tend to go a little looser than tighterthat way i don't over-tighten it and crack it. worst case scenario it leaks a little bitand i can always give it another half-turn with my channel-locks.

let's turn it (the pump) on and might as welldo it right now and we'll bleed the air out. i'll turn the pump on. the variable speed pump will start up. we'll wait for the water to fill up the tank. if you can picture this, there's air in thetank and water is filling the tank up and as it fills it up it's blowing the air outof the air relief. once water comes out i'll shut it (the airrelief valve) off. let's go charge this thing up! its time to charge the filter.

you want to do this withing 5 minutes of bleedingthe air out of the filter. you don't want to wait too long because dirtis accumulating on those filters. i like to use the de alternative called aquaperl. there are several different brands. this is the one i prefer. as i said, you can wash it down the gutter-i don't recommend that but it's not illegal to do so (in my county)like it is diatomaceousearth and it cleans up well in the yard and goes away quickly. so this is a quad 80 filter, not the quad60 that my cameraman told me!

it's a quad 80 so it requires 8 one poundscoops of diatomaceous earth. some people still use coffee cans and tryto do the calculations... why bother?! get yourself an orange pre-measured de scoop. it might be $5, $10? it will last a long, long time and there'sno calculations. one of these is 1 pound. you don't have to add all eight scoops atonce. you can divide it up depending on how bigyour bucket is. and you don't have to be perfect with thescoops.

you don't have to pack it in. and this is very, very important: you wantto mix the diatomaceous earth into a slurry- trust me, i've tried it on my own pool. you would think that by just pouring it intothe skimmer that it would mix itself up on the (way to) the filter, it doesn't. it will clumpy and actually find dry spotson your filter six months later when you clean what we're going to now is we're going tomake a slurry just by stirring it with our hand or with a stick. you want to do so until all the lumps areout.

its very easy to tell. once you do that, you slowly pour it intothe skimmer. the pump will suck it through and then itwill coat the filter. four, five, six, seven, eight... some people recommend wearing a mask whenyou're doing this, it certainly wouldn't hurt . i don't unless it's a windy day. today the wind is pretty calm so it's notblowing around but you definitely don't want to stick you're face in there and breatheit or snort it in. another thing i love about this filter: withall the residue de that may spill, you can

always just wash it off into the pool or offof the deck. any extra d.e. that goes in the pool is eventuallygoing to be filtered through the system and its going to be trapped by the filter and helpcoat the filter. now i have a nice clean work area. that's it! that's how you clean the pentair quad diatomaceousearth filter. hopefully by the time you watch this, thisfilter will be available in black and the drain plug will be in a better position! this is a superior filter.

i hope enjoy it on your pool. thanks for watching, i'm mike the poolman.

Wednesday, January 11, 2017

how much does the average swimming pool cost

can a doughboy above-ground pool really beinstalled in-ground? yes! we manufacture the only above-ground pool that can be installedin the ground! when installed per our instructions it won't void your pool's warranty and atthe fraction of the cost of a traditional in-ground pool you can enjoy the look andfeel of one!

Tuesday, January 10, 2017

freedom hall swimming pool

president obama: hola peru! (applause) asu! muchas gracias. thank you so much. thank you. everybody, pleasehave a seat. thank you, cyntia, for yourkind words and your great work here in peru inbringing people together

across generationsto meet challenges. please give cyntia a biground of applause for the great introduction. so it is wonderfulto be here in peru. i want to thank everybody atcatholic university of peru for hosting us. i want to thank thegovernment and the people of this beautiful countryfor your hospitality. audience member: i love you!

president obama:i love you, too! so, while i'm here, i'mhoping to enjoy some good food -- somepollo a la brasa. maybe a pisco sour. but i will not beattempting the marinera -- -- because i usually leavethe dancing to my wife, michelle. (laughter) she's a betterdancer than me.

but i want to thank all ofyou for being here -- our young leaders of america,both live and online, representing every countryin latin america and the caribbean. now, this is my final stopon my final trip abroad as president of theunited states. and i've had the usualmeetings with world leaders, and we've doneimportant business. but whenever i travel, oneof the things that i've been

trying to do for the lasteight years is to meet with young people. first of all, young peopleare more fun than old people. second, because today morethan half of the world's population is 30 or younger. and that means yourgeneration will determine the course of our future --as individual nations and as a global community. now, the good news is,because i've had a chance to

meet so many young peoplearound the world, it makes me very optimistic to knowthat you are going to be in charge. and that's why i wanted mylast public event abroad to be with you. i often say to young peoplein my own country: if you had to be born at any timein human history, it would be right now. if you think about all theprogress that's been made,

not just in your lifetimes,but even in the last few years, fewer people thanever around the world live in extreme poverty. scientific breakthroughs arepaving the way for cures to new diseases. more children are goingto school; more girls in particular are going toschool than ever before. people across the world aresecuring their human rights. and technology has reshapedthe world, as you can tell,

because everybodyhas their phones. at a time when earth isnow populated by more cell phones than people, you havethe power to connect with each other acrossborders, across nations. you have the tools in yourhand to solve problems that we couldn't even imaginewhen i was your age. now, even as we make allthese important strides in advancing the rights of morepeople, even as technology brings us closer together,this unprecedented change

also brings challenges. we see it in the wideninggap between the rich and the poor around the world. we see it in the forces ofextremism and division that too often tearcommunities apart. so the question for all ofus is, how can we make sure that in this rapidlychanging world, nobody is left behind and that all ofus are stronger and more prosperous?

so over the last eight yearsas president, i've worked to strengthen our relationshipwith the americas. we're more than justneighbors -- we're linked by trade and culture, andfamily and values. our students study ineach other's countries. our businesses sellgoods across borders. our tourists travelback and forth. and we've moved beyond manyof the old arguments to create a new vision for thefuture -- one that your

generation, which isliberated from old ways of thinking, can lead. during my presidency, theunited states recommitted itself to the region, inpartnership with your countries, based on mutualinterests and mutual respect. we increased trade. we stood up for democracyand human rights, fought against corruptionand organized crime. we've promoted clean energy.

we've led the global fightagainst climate change. we opened a newrelationship with cuba. i strongly believe that thiswork has to be done with governments, but it's evenmore important that it's done by people -- becausegovernment is important, but it can't solveevery problem. so we have to work togetherat a people-to-people level -- teachers, and doctors,and students, and entrepreneurs, and religiousleaders -- all trying to

find ways in which we canpromote those values of dignity and humanity andrespect that so often are threatened. and that's why we developedthis young leaders initiative. our goal is to find themost innovative young entrepreneurs, the mostenergetic civil society leaders like you, andhelp empower you with the training, and tools andconnections so you can make a difference in yourcommunities and your countries.

this network alreadyhas 20,000 people. this fall, we welcomed thefirst class of 250 ylai fellows to theunited states. this is just 100 of them. they're from every countryacross the americas. we want to help -- -- so we want to help thisgeneration with grants, seed funding, skills training. today, i'm announcing thelaunch of the latin american

and caribbean civil societyinnovation initiative hub, which is a way to virtuallyconnect civil society organizations across theregion so you can learn from each other, share your goodwork, support each other. we're investing $40million in the talents and entrepreneurship of youngpeople across the caribbean to help start your ownbusinesses and ventures. we're opening what we callthe global innovation exchange so that you canshowcase your new business

or enterprise to peoplearound the world, and that way you can connect andhopefully get resources that you otherwise didn't have. and we're moving ahead withmore education partnerships, like the 100,000strong in the americas. by the end of the decade,we want 100,000 u.s. students studying in theamericas, and 100,000 students from the americasstudying in the united states. and today, we're announcinga partnership between the u.s.

department of state, sempra,and caf, which is latin america's development bank,to fund the first innovation fund competition exclusivelybetween peruvian and u.s. colleges and universities sostudents can come together to work on climate changeand environmental science. so we're focused on thehemisphere, we're focused on the region. but it's more than justnorth america, south america. you're now part of a globalnetwork of young leaders

from africa, southeast asia,europe, and the americas who are doing amazing work intheir own communities. and while my time as u.s. president is coming to anend, this network is just beginning -- it's neverbeen more important. we need you to stayconnected, work together, learn from each other,so we can build that next generation of leadership whocan take on challenges like climate change and poverty,can help grow our economies,

make sure that womenget opportunity. make sure that every child,wherever they live, has a chance to build a good life. and i'm going to just giveyou some examples of the amazing people that areinvolved in this process. we need leaders likedr. valã©ry moise. as a young doctor in haiti,valã©ry saw firsthand how issues like acutemalnutrition -- hunger -- affected the poorestchildren in his country.

so he and a team of socialworkers and doctors started an organization calleddiagnostik group, which focuses on improving healthcare for abandoned children at the largest pediatrichospital in haiti. his goal is for the groupto become the standard for pediatric care and to expandso that he can reach even more children across haiti. so thank you, valã©ry, forthe great work that you are doing.

we need leaders likeabbigale loncke of guyana. abbigale, are you here? so after struggling to findher own grandfather home care, abbigale realized thisis a problem for so many other families, so shestarted community health care, a home care agency. she started out as a serviceto help families take care of their loved ones but nowhas a social movement that also provides training andjob opportunities for young

women in the healthcare industry. so thank you, abbigale, forthe great work you're doing. and you already heard thegreat work that cyntia is doing right here in peru. across the world and acrossthe americas, young people are taking the lead. they're seeing problems,they're seeing injustice, and they are findingways to take action. and the main message i wantyou to know is that you have

a partner in me and you havea partner in the united states government. and we are goingto work together -- -- we're goingto work together. we expect the fellowships tocontinue, but i want you to know that i will alsocontinue to be involved, even after i'm president,because i want to make sure that we continue toinvest in your success. if you succeed, not only doyour countries succeed, but

the world succeeds. and i'm very excited to seeall the great things you're going to do in the future. so, muchas gracias. let's take some questions. and now we're going tostart with some questions. i'm going to take off myjacket because it's a little hot. (laughter and applause)

i wasn't trying to get acheer out of that but -- all right, so we're goingto start with this question from this gentlemanright here. please introduceyourself as you speak. hold on, the micis not working. no, not yet. do we have a second mic? testing -- one, two, three. hold on, here's thetechnical expert.

here we go. here's another one. not yet? uh-oh. we got to try this one. one of these isgoing to work. the press: testing. president obama:oh, there you go. hey!

the press: goodafternoon, mr. president. my name is luissantiago . i'm from caracas, venezuela. i'm a ylai fellow. we're working on the firstelectronic health records platform for latin america,and i was a proud member of this chord of ylai fellows. i'm here to read a questionfrom our ylai network. there were 200 questionsposted on facebook, but

carlos david carrasco murofrom venezuela asks: in venezuela, there's a debateabout what matters most for stability, whether it'speace or democracy. how can we create a worldwhere we do not have to choose between them? both are importantfor development. thank you very much. president obama: well,it's a great question. and it's a timely question,because i think that after a

decade in which we've seenmore and more countries adopt democratic practices,you're now starting to see some of thosegains reversed. you're seeing some countriesthat are going backwards rather than forwards interms of freedom of the press, in terms of freedomof the internet, in terms of respecting politicalopposition and civil society. and there are those whoargue that democracy is incompatible withdevelopment because you need

order, you need somebodyfrom the top to tell people what to do inorder to achieve. and i would just suggestthat you look at the evidence over thelast 20, 30, 40 years. those countries that pursuedemocracy, that pursue transparency, where theirleaders are held accountable -- those are the countriesthat are doing best. those countries that arerepressive, that don't respect democracy, thatsilence critics -- they go

backwards economically. and it makes sense when youthink about it, because in this time that we live in,development is based on knowledge and innovation andeducation and new thinking and sharing of ideas. it's not based on how muchland you have, it's not based on natural resources. it's based on your people. and in a democracy, whatwe're able to do is --

people, through the freedomthey enjoy, are able to create, start businesses,start organizations, solve problems. and what's also true thenis, they're able to hold the government accountable, sowhen the government doesn't deliver for its people -- ifit engages in corruption, if its policies only benefit afew rather than the many -- people can react andrespond, and over time people get better policiesfrom their governments.

and look at what's happenedjust along the coast here in latin america. if you look at chile, peru,colombia -- all of them are growing faster, all of themare doing better because of the new openness anddemocracy that exists in these countries. and what's true here istrue around the world. now, the one thing i have tosay though is, democracy is more than just elections.

democracy is alsoa free press. democracy is alsofreedom of religion. democracy is makingsure that the rights of minorities are protected,not just the majority. democracy is rule of law andan independent judiciary. so it's a matter of allthese elements coming together. but the main thing we'velearned is that, in this knowledge-based society, youcan maintain order for a while with repressive,nondemocratic governments,

but it will rot from within. over time, those governmentsfail and those economies fail -- because when theymake mistakes, they try to hide them instead oftrying to solve them. when somebody has alegitimate criticism of a problem, it can be ignoredbecause the politicians don't have to answer. and eventually, thosesocieties end up doing much worse, oftentimes byincreasing repression as

people get more and moredissatisfied and then society breaks down. it's also true, by the way,that nondemocratic countries are much more likely toget into wars with other nondemocratic countries. democracies tend to tryto solve problems through diplomacy and dialogue. so not only is there nota contradiction between democracy and development,it is my belief that in

order, in this newknowledge-based economy, for development to besuccessful, you need democracy. i will say this onelast thing, though. democracy can befrustrating, because democracy means that youdon't always get 100 percent of what you want. democracy means thatsometimes you have to compromise. and it means that theoutcomes of elections don't

always turn out theway you would hope. and then you -- we're goingthrough that in the united states, and i'm doingeverything i can to help facilitate a successfultransition with the president-elect inthe united states. but as long as we keep ourdemocratic systems open, then the society has achance to try something new, and then it can make adecision and correct problems that they see inthe future, and progress

will continue. good. all right. let's see -- right there. yeah, you. so let's get a microphoneto you so we can hear you. and introduce yourself. by the way, i apologize,my spanish is just okay. so we're doing this inenglish, but hopefully i'm

being clear. go ahead. the press: hmr. president. i'm very glad to be here-- that you are here in my country, in peru. and for me, it's an honor tobe here in this conference. well, my question is, whatdo you think about the european union has cometogether to promote military integration in defense that-- after the victory of trump?

and do you think we haveglobal paranoia created by the media, or it's real? president obama: good. what's your name? the press: jocelyn ramirez. president obama:nice to meet you. are you a student here? the press: i'm astudent from upc. president obama: fantastic.

okay. you have someclassmates here. well, the united states issuch a big country that, after any election,people are uncertain. and i think it will beimportant for everybody around the world to not makeimmediate judgments but give this new president-elect achance to put their team together, to examine theissues, to determine what their policies will be --because as i've always said,

how you campaign isn'talways the same as how you govern. sometimes when you'recampaigning, you're trying to stir up passions. when you govern, youactually have reality in front of you, and you haveto figure out how do i make this work. the alliance between theunited states and europe, through nato,is very strong.

and the president-electtrump has already reaffirmed our commitment to nato. we actually have beenasking, under my administration, for europeto carry more of the burden of defense spending thanthey've been doing, because the united states spends alot more than some of our nato partners. and they recognize andacknowledge, i think, the need for them to spend moretime -- more resources on that.

with respect to latinamerica, i don't anticipate major changes in policy fromthe new administration. i think the work that we'vedone has been successful in establishing the strongestrelationships between the united states and latinamerica in modern history. the friendships that we'veestablished with countries like peru, the reopening ofdiplomatic relations with cuba, the investmentswe're making in trade, in environmental policy, and soforth -- all those things i

expect to continue. there are going to betensions that arise, probably around trade morethan anything else, because the president-electcampaigned on looking at every trade policy andpotentially reversing some of those policies. but once they look at howit's working, i think they'll determine that it'sactually good both for the united states and ourtrading partners.

there may need tobe modifications. i've called formodifications in certain elements of ourtrading policy. when we established theu.s.-peru free trade agreement, one of therequirements was for peru to strengthen its protectionof labor rights, workers' rights. and we did that in partbecause, with all of our trading partners we don'twant to be disadvantaged

because we're dealing withlabor that has no rights, and so it gets the lowestwages and can be exploited. but we did it also becausethat will help lift the wages and benefits andprotections that workers here in peru enjoy, becauseultimately that's good for everybody. one of the things that ireally believe is that when you pay workers well, whenordinary people are getting a decent wage and decentbenefits and decent

protections, then they havemore money in their pockets, and then they go out andthey spend that money, which is good for business, andeverybody is better off. so that's the kind ofattitude that we want to try to promote in theyears going forward. and my hope is, is thatthat policy will continue. so my message to you,though, and the message i delivered in europe is,don't just assume the worst. wait until theadministration is in place,

it's actually putting itspolicies together, and then you can make your judgmentsas to whether or not it's consistent with theinternational community's interest in living in peaceand prosperity together. okay, so what i'm doing isi'm going boy, girl, boy, girl, so that everybodygets a fair chance. okay, this gentleman righthere, in the purple shirt. the press: thankyou very much. first of all, i just want tosay thank you for being such

a great world leaderover your tenure. i truly think that you'vedone your best in making the world a better place. president obama: iappreciate that. the press: my nameis lubi jorges. president obama: whereyou are from, lubi? the press: i'mfrom the bahamas. president obama: hey. the press: i'm the son oftwo haitian immigrants

living in the bahamas. and i'm a human rightsactivist and also a radio talk show host. i filter my advocacy workthrough radio, because it's a great form ofcommunication in getting everybody involved. nonetheless, you spoke aboutyouth and us shaping the future and the direction ofthe world, and what it's going to be in thevery near future.

but i'll give you aquick example of what i experienced and then aquestion that can apply to all of us hereas young people. as a person being born tohaitian parents, immigrants, in the bahamas, there is acertain perception on you not being a native. and governments havefed on that over time. and so the averageindividual that you would come into contact with, theywould see you in a

certain light. and so the opportunities toassist then, to help your country, thenare diminished. for example, i'm tryingto bridge the gap between haitians and bahamians inthe bahamas, but government officials and otherindividuals, they would have said, well, you're fightingfor haitians to take over the bahamas --when it's not that. i just want bahamians andhaitians to live in peace in

the bahamas. and so if you had theopportunity to have all of our prime ministers andpresidents in one room, and you had one word of advicethat you could have given those leaders in regards toyoung people, and especially millennials, what wouldyou say to those leaders? president obama: well,you know, i've had that opportunity anumber of times. they don't alwaysfollow my advice.

but to your broader point-- look, we live in a world that is smallerthan ever before. because of the internet,because of modern travel, your generation gets ideasand culture and your politics fromeverywhere, right? you are listening toeverything from rolling stones, to kendrick lamar,to salsa, to reggaeton to -- -- right? so what is true in music,what's true in food is also

true in terms ofpolitics and ideas. and the great thing aboutyoung people is, is that that's made your identitiesboth national but also international. so people here are peruvian,but you're also people who care about what happensaround this continent and around the world. it means that you can beboth proud of your haitian heritage and live in thebahamas, and also be

concerned about what happensin africa, or what is happening in myanmar. that's a good thing. now, i'll be honest withyou, older people sometimes are more threatened thanyounger people by this convergence because -- youknow, now that i've got gray hair, i see what happens asyou get older -- you get set in your ways and you areafraid of things that are new. and oftentimes, politicianscan feed into that sense

that everything is changingso fast, let's go back to our old identities --identities of race or tribe or nationality. and my main advice, not justto world leaders, but more importantly to citizensaround the world is, if you're defining yourselfjust by what you're not, if you're defining yourselfjust by the color of your skin or where you were born,then you are not fully appreciating what will giveyou a strong identity and

meaning in your life, andwhat will lead to prosperity and security for everyone. and that is the values andideals that we should all promote: that we respecteverybody, regardless of what they look like. that we give everybodyopportunity no matter where they were born, whether theywere born poor or they were born rich. that we have laws thateverybody has to observe,

not just laws for one set ofpeople and then a different set of laws forother people. because the problem withthat approach -- a very narrow way of thinking aboutyourself -- is that that means almost inevitably youhave to be in conflict with somebody else. if the most important thingabout you is that you are an american -- if that's theone thing that defines you -- then you may end up beingthreatened by people from

other places, when in factyou may have a lot in common and you may missopportunities. now, i'm a very proudamerican, and my job as president of the unitedstates is to look out for american interests. but my argument to theamerican people has always been, the best way for usto look out for american interests is to also careabout what's happening in our neighborhood.

because if their house isburning down, eventually my house will burn down. the best way for mydaughters to be secure as americans is to make surethat people in el salvador or guatemala are alsofeeling some security, because if they're not, theneventually that may spill over the borders to us. and some of the challengesthat we face today are ones that no singlegroup can solve.

if you look at somethinglike climate change -- that knows no borders. if there is pollution inchina, it affects you here in peru. if we are going to make surethat the oceans don't rise so that suddenly all of thestreets around lima are two feet underwater, then it'sgoing to require everybody taking the kind ofcollective action that we talked about in theparis agreement.

so i think that we shouldall have the capacity, and governments should reflectthis capacity, to be proud of our particularcircumstance, be proud that you're haitian, be proudthat you're in the bahamas, be proud that you'rea young, black man. be proud of your particularidentity, but also see what you have in common withpeople who don't look like you or don't come fromthe same place as you do. because if we see what wehave in common, then we're

going to be able to worktogether and that's going to be good for all of us. if all we see isdifferences, then we're automatically going to be incompetition -- and in order for me to do well, thatmeans i have to put you down, which then makes youwant to put me down, and everybody stays down hereinstead of everybody lifting each other up. it's the most importantthing we can do.

all right, so it'sa woman's turn. okay, everybody is pointingat this young lady. all her friends werepointing at her, so she has something veryimportant to say. the press: welcome toperu, mr. president. president obama: thank you. the press: my name is sofia,and my friends and i are students at laboratoria. i know you have metmariana (inaudible).

do you rememberabout laboratoria? president obama:i'm sorry, what? i'm sorry. the press: do rememberabout laboratoria? president obama: yes. the press: withmariana costa? president obama: yes, yes. the press: okay, i'm astudent over there, me and my friends.

we are so lucky to bestudying over there to get a job in tech, but there areso many young people still without these typeof opportunities. so what do you recommend toopen more quality education or job opportunities foryoung people in latin america? president obama: well, theprogram you described is doing great work, andthere's a lot of good work all across latin america. one of the goals is to makesure that not only are we

providing a great educationfor people at the youngest ages -- basic reading,arithmetic, all those things -- but today you also needto have some knowledge of technology. and what we're trying to dois to work with governments and ngos to expand accessto the internet, to digital platforms. and what we also want todo then is to help design curriculum and programsthrough the internet so that

online learning isaccessible in places where previously there mightnot be opportunities. and we're seeing some ofthose investments here in peru. that's part of the broadereducational program that we have throughoutlatin america. but we can still do more. and it's not just us, it's apublic-private partnership also. so having facebookparticipate, and microsoft and google and other bigcompanies who have an

interest in an educatedpopulation -- because the more educated and more wiredthey are, the more, over time, customers are usingtheir products and their platforms. what we want to do is tomake sure that everybody, even in the smallestvillage, has suddenly this library to the world andto the best educational opportunities, even ifthere's not a big university in that small town.

and some of the learningthat we can do, it doesn't have to be four years. sometimes, a six-weekprogram could teach people coding in computers, andsuddenly right away that person has a job, and thenthey can learn more and ultimately go and geta four-year education. but oftentimes what you needis just that first step. and we're doing this in theunited states, by the way. it's not just inlatin america.

in the united states, oneof the things that we're finding is that we need toexpand computer science and literacy in the schools. we need to make sure, also,that we set up technical training systems wheresomebody who's unemployed in a city where there used tobe a big factory but now the factory is closed; orbecause of automation and robots, fewer people areworking there; those people who have lost their jobs,they may not be able to

afford to just go to afour-year university, give them six weeks, eight weeks,ten weeks of training. get them in a job right now,and then over time they can learn even more. so, congratulations. you guys aredoing good work. okay, so this isa team effort now. it's good to seethis cooperation. everybody is pointingat one person.

all right, this gentlemanright here, right in the front. the press: hello,mr. president. i'm a student representativefrom this beautiful university with thisgorgeous group of people. my name is kai. and i'm going to give alittle bit of context to my question. you see, the smartestman i know is my dad. my dad was born in cuba.

and when he was seven yearsold, he went to the united states to getan opportunity. he lived all of hisuniversity life there, from community college todoctorate, and he managed to do a lot of things becausethe usa had an open, honest towards him. today, many immigrants canbring innovation to the usa because it has still thisopen, honest policy. but the administration thatis set to go after you is

allegedly saying that itwill have a closed door policy. in your opinion, what do youthink that today the stand of the usa is for offshoreinnovators that want to leave their comfort zone tothe usa, to go to harvard, mit, yale, tofind -- to strive? and what would be thedamages of the usa closing their doors to theseyoung innovators? and a final remark, i hopeyou have two amazing last months of presidency.

well, first of all, i knowthat your father is very proud that you said he'sthe smartest man you know. i hope that malia and sashawould say the same thing about their father-- i don't know. but i'm sure thatmade him feel good. look, america is anation of immigrants. those of you who visitedamerica, if you walk in an american city -- not justnew york or los angeles, but st. louis or indianapolisor columbus, ohio -- if you

walk down the street, yousee people that look like they could be from anyplace. because the fact is, isthat except for the native american populations,everybody in america came from someplace else. all of us are immigrants. and that's been our greateststrength, because we've been able to attract talentfrom everywhere. i use this as an example:you notice that the united

states did reallywell in the olympics. now, some of that is becausewe're a big country, we're a wealthy country, so wehave all these training facilities and we can do allkinds of -- best equipment. all that is true. but you know what, china isa bigger country and spends a lot of money also. the big advantage thatamerica has, if you look at our team -- actually,two big advantages.

first, we passed somethingcalled title ix many years ago that requires that womenget the same opportunities in sports as men do. and that's why -- one of thereasons the american teams did so well is the womenwere amazing, and just because they'vegotten opportunities. right? which teaches us somethingabout the need to make sure that women and men, boysand girls, get the same

opportunities. because you do better wheneverybody has a chance, not just some. but the second thing-- you look at a u.s. olympic team and there areall kinds of different sorts of people of all differentshapes and sizes. and part of it is because wedraw from a bigger genetic pool than anybody -- right? we have people who -- theselittle gymnasts, they're

like this big. simone biles cameby the white house. she's a tiny little thing. amazing athlete. then we have michael phelps,he's 6'8" and his shoulders are this big. and that's goodfor swimming. he couldn't do gymnastics,but he's a really good swimmer. the point is, is that whenyou have all this talent

from all these differentplaces, then you actually, as a team, do better. and that's been thegreat gift of america. now, what we have to do notjust in the united states, but in all countries, is tofind a way to have a open, smart immigration policy,but it has to be orderly and lawful. and i think that part ofwhat's happened in the united states is that eventhough the amount of illegal

immigration that ishappening has actually gone down while i've beenpresident, the perception is that it has just gone up. partly this is because itused to be that immigrants primarily stayed in texasand arizona and new mexico, border countries,or in florida. and now they're moving intoparts of the country that aren't used to seeingimmigrants, and it makes people concerned -- who arethese people, and are they

taking our jobs and are theytaking opportunity, and so forth. so my argument has beenthat no country can have completely open borders,because if they did, then nationality and citizenshipwouldn't mean anything. and obviously if we hadcompletely open borders, then you would have tens ofmillions of people who would suddenly be coming into theunited states -- which, by the way, wouldn'tnecessarily be good for the

countries where they leave,because in some places like in africa, you have doctorsand nurses and scientists and engineers who all try toleave, and then you have a brain drain and they'renot developing their own countries. so you have to have somerules, but my hope is, is that those rules are set upin a way that continues to invite talented young peopleto come in and contribute, and to make a goodlife for themselves.

what we also, though, haveto do is to invest in countries that are sendingmigrants so that they can develop themselves. so you mentioned cuba, forexample, where your father fled. he left in part because theydidn't feel that there was enough opportunity there. part of the reason i saidlet's reopen our diplomatic relations with cuba isto see if you can start

encouraging greateropportunity and freedom in cuba. because if you have peoplewho have been able to leave cuba and do really well inthe united states, that means they have enoughtalent that they should be able to do really well bystaying at home in cuba. there are enormouslytalented people here in peru. i don't want all the youngpeople in peru to suddenly all go -- -- i don't want you to feel as if

you have to go to new yorkin order to be successful. you should be able to besuccessful right here in lima, right? so this is true in theamericas, it's true in europe, where obviouslythey've been flooded -- and it's been very controversial-- with migrants, some of them displaced from war insyria, but some of them just coming for economicreasons from africa. i just left meetings witheuropean leaders, and we

discussed the fact that ifwe're investing more in development in those africancountries, and encouraging greater rule of law andless corruption and more opportunity in thosecountries, then people are less likely to want to cometo germany or italy for their futures because theyfeel that they can make a future where they are. but this is an example ofwhat i was saying earlier. if we think only about, invery narrow terms, about our

borders and what's goodfor us, and ignore what's happening everywhere else,eventually it will have an impact on us whetherwe like it or not. because the world is justmuch smaller than it used to be. let's see, we got -- allright, young lady right there. go ahead, in the black. yes, you. the press: oh, my god,thank you for this amazing opportunity.

more than a question --well, i have to introduce myself first, sorry. i'm jennifer schell,and i'm from venezuela. we already talked a littleabout my country, but i just want to thank you for givingus the women's opportunity to make us feel empowered. i'm the ceo and founder ofthe trabajamama, a social initiative that promotesvalues for mothers around the world.

i'm a mother. i have a daughter, and it'sa little bit hard to become an entrepreneur. and i know that you havebeen supporting woman empowerment. you support a candidatewho was a woman, hillary. you are supported byyour wife, michelle. presidentobama: michelle is amazing. the press: i'msure, sure.

i'm sure of that. so i know how you have beentelling a lot of advice for young leaders. what i want -- specialadvice for female entrepreneurs, for those whohave to strive a little bit more, for those who aremothers who have to split their self, and ask herself,should i be a mother or should i be a professional. i truly believe that we canbe both at the same time,

but i would like to hear itfrom you -- an advice for all the women, potentialwomen that are going to become a mother, will haveour future generations. and on behalf of all my ylaifellows, thank you for this and all the fellows that arelooking -- there are more fellows looking right nowfrom their countries because they couldn't come to peru,so thank you for all the fellows that arewatching right us now. president obama: okay.

well, it's a great question. i mean, michelle probablywould have more to say about this because, you know,she's gone through it as a professional woman. but let me offer justa few observations. first of all, the leadersand the men in every country need to understand that thecountries that are most successful are going to bethe countries that give opportunities to girls andwomen, and not just

boys and men. and if you look at whichcountries are doing best -- most advanced, grow thefastest -- it's partly because you can't have halfthe population uneducated, not working, out of thehouse, not in leadership positions, and expect to beas good as a country where 100 percent of the peopleare getting a good education, and havingopportunities, and can do amazing things -- startinga business or entering into

politics or what have you. so this is not just aproblem for girls and women; men have to also recognize,this is good for you. and if you're a strong man,you shouldn't be threatened that women are doing well. you should be proud thatwomen are doing well. and families where womenhave opportunity, that means they're going to be able tobring in more income, which means the family as a wholeis going to do better.

and let's be honest,sometimes, you know, that whole machismo attitudesometimes makes it harder for women to succeed, andsometimes that is coming even from thosewho love them. so, men, those of you whoend up being fathers and you've got daughters,you've got to lift up your daughters. just telling them they'repretty is not enough. you've got to tell themthey're smart, and you got

to tell them they'reambitious, and you have to give them opportunity. so once you have the wholecountry thinking in those terms, then you need tostart having policies that can support women, and themost important thing, in addition to making sure thatgirls from an early age are getting a good education andthat they're not being told, oh, you can just do certainthings -- like engineering, that's a man's job, or beingscientist, that a man's job.

no, no -- girlscan do everything. it can't just be, you know,be a teacher -- which is a wonderful profession,but, traditionally, women sometimes are just toldthere are a few things they can do -- nurse, teacher-- as opposed to anything. so that starts -- onceyou've done that, then you have to recognize that thebig conflicts that women have in the professionalworld has to do with family and childrearing.

and for biological reasons,women have more of a burden than men do. but it's not just biology,it's also sociology, all right? men's attitudes is, well,yeah, i don't have to do as much. and even in my marriage withmichelle, i like to think of myself as a modern,enlightened man, but i'll admit it -- michelle didmore work than i did with sasha and malia.

so part of what societiescan do, though, is they can help with, for example,having smart policies for childcare. one of the hardest thingsfor professional women, particularly when theirchildren are still small and not yet in school, is who'sgoing to take care of my baby when i'm working, andhow do i make sure that they're safe and thatthey're trusted. so making sure thatgovernments have policies in

place that help. now, having a mother-in-lawwho helps, that's also very useful. but not everybody has theoption where they have family memberswho are close by. so that's an example ofsomething that we have to really work on. then we have to put pressureon institutions to treat women equally when it comesto getting loans to start

a business. up until just maybe 20 yearsago, in some places -- in the united states even -- ahusband had to sign a loan document with a bank, eventhough it was the wife's business, even if the womanwas the one making the money, it was her idea, itwas her investment, she was doing all the work. because of these oldstereotypes, you're having men co-sign.

that kind of mentality, thatkind of discrimination still exists in a lotof institutions. so we have to push backagainst those, we have to fight against those. women who are successful,you have to then fight for the younger women who arecoming behind you, and make sure that you are changingsome of these attitudes. if you are high up in abank, then you got to make sure that these policiesare good for women.

if you succeed in politics,then you have to help promote and encourage womenwho are coming behind you. so the last thing i guess iwould say would be -- i know that michelle says this toour daughters: you can be a wonderful mom and have awonderful family and have a really successful career. you may have to kind of nottry to do everything all at the same time exactly. you may have to time thingsout a little bit and have a

husband who supportstaking turns a little bit. so it may be that when thechild is very young, you're not doing something that isas hard, because having a really young child isalready really hard, and you have to sleep sometimes. but then as the child getsolder, maybe that's when you are doing something --maybe your husband is doing something that gives himmore time to support that child. so there's going to have tobe finding the right balance

throughout your life inorder to be successful. but congratulations on thegood work you're doing. all right, i've got time for-- so i only have time for two more questions. i'll call on that gentlemanup there with the glasses, in the blue shirt. no, no, right here. let him ask his question,and then i'll ask the last one. president obama: hello!

the press: it's reallyan honor to ask you this question. well, my name isalonso cornejo. i'm studying marketing at universidad san ignacio loyola. and my question is aboutwhat advice will you give to peruvian students thatthey are starting to think different, to making achange not just in peru, [but] worldwide -- make achange about worldwide.

what advice will you give? right now we live in a worldthat maybe the bad is good, and the good is bad. so what advice will you givethem to chase their dreams, make the country better --not peru, just worldwide? that will be my question. president obama: well, look,you're already doing so well. i don't know that i can giveyou the perfect advice. but i'll tell you what itell my young people who

work in the white house andwho i meet in the united states, because i thinkwhat's true in the united states is truefor you, as well. we live at a time whereyou're always seeing bad news. everybody -- bad newsgets a lot of attention. but the truth is that, insome many ways, the world is better now than it was 20years ago or 40 years ago, or 100 years ago. people are healthier today,they're wealthier today,

they're bettereducated today. the world, if you lookoverall, is less violent than it was. look at the 20th century --millions of people dying everywhere. look at latin america andthe wars that were taking place everywhereacross the continent. and so you actually areliving in a time of relative peace and historicprosperity.

and i say that so that youshould feel optimistic about the future. you shouldn'tfeel pessimistic. yeah, you're always seeingbad news, but the truth is the world is in a placewhere it can solve its problems and be even better20 years from now or 50 years from now. you have to start with thathope, that sense of optimism inside you, because if youdon't feel that way, then

you don't bother to try tohave an impact because you think, ah, every politicianis corrupt and all the governments are terrible,and people are greedy and people are mean, and so i'mjust going to look out for myself. and then nothinggets better. so you have to start knowingthat things have gotten better and cancontinue to get better. that's number one.

number two, i always tellyoung people to -- and i don't know if thistranslates well in spanish -- but i say: worry moreabout what you want to do, and not what you want to be. now, here is what i mean. i think a lot of people,they say to themselves, "i want to be rich," or theysay to themselves, "i want to be powerful." or theysay, "i want to be the president," or "i want tobe a ceo," so they -- or "i

want to be a rap star." sothey say they have this idea, but the people i knowwho are most successful, usually they're successfulbecause they found something that they really care about,and they worked at it and became really good at it. and over time, because theywere so good at what they did, they ended up beingrich, or they ended up being powerful and influential. but in the meantime, theywere constantly doing what

they enjoyed doing andlearning, and that's what made them successful. so what i would say to allof you is, find something you care deeply about. if you care about poorchildren, then find a way right now that you can starthelping some poor children. don't wait, saying toyourself, oh, someday, when i'm president of peru i'mgoing to help poor children. no, go now and find anorganization or create an

organization that is helpingpoor kids learn or be exposed to new experiences. if you care about theenvironment, don't wait. in addition to your studies,you could start having an impact right now on tryingto improve your local community, or trying to beinvolved in some of the work that's being done aroundthings like climate change. the point is that once youdecide what it is that you really care about, thereare ways for you to now get

involved and pursuethat passion. and if you pursue thatpassion and you get good at it, you're not going tochange the world overnight -- nobody does. i mean, i eventually, at theage of 45, became a senator and then the president ofthe united states, but i worked for 25 years in poorcommunities, and worked on issues. and hopefully i was doingsome good, even before i was

famous or powerful, so thatif i hadn't ended up being president i could still lookback and say, i worked on the things that i caredabout and i got something done that was important. and that, i think, is themost important advice that i have for you. all right, last question. it's a woman's turn. so all the men, you can putyour -- all the boys can put

their hands down. okay, go ahead, right there. the press: okay, first ofall, my name is melisa. i represent universidadperuana de ciencias aplicadas. besides, i'm a proudmember of upc (inaudible). and once again, i want towelcome you to this amazing country. and on behalf of this wholeaudience, i would like to thank you for thisamazing opportunity.

okay, so my questionis the following. as it is well known, duringyour presidency you have stepped up and acceptedmistakes you made yourself or maybe the teamyou're leading. and that's -- i believe thatshows how you reaffirm your belief in introspection andhow you want to leave the past behind. what would your advice to usentrepreneurs, most of us, that would like to leave themistakes -- learn from them,

step up, and leave what'sthe past in the past? thank you, president. president obama: well,you know, i don't -- you shouldn't ignore the past. you should learn from it. and you should learn fromhistory, and learn from experience. the truth is that i was --right before i came to peru, i was in europe, and istarted my trip in athens.

and i went to the parthenon,the birthplace of democracy. and you look at all thesebuildings from ancient greece, and you try toimagine all the things that were happening in that time,and it seems very long ago. but the fact of the matteris, is that humanity keeps on making the same mistakes,and we oftentimes find ourselves dealing with thesame problems and the same issues. so studying our past,studying our history, is

very, very important. but the main thing i tellyou and i tell my own daughters is, you can'tbe trapped by the past. there's a difference betweenunderstanding your past. you need to knowthe history of peru. if you live in the unitedstates, you need to know how america came about -- andthat includes both the amazing and wonderfulthings, but also the bad things. if you want to understandamerica today, then you have

to understand slavery, andyou have to understand the history of immigration, andhow the debates we're having today about immigrationaren't that different from when the irish or theitalians came and people were saying, we can't haveany more italians and we can't have any more irish. if you don't know thatthen you aren't going to understand the patternsthat we are having today. but the point is, is that wehave the power to make our

own history. we don't have to repeatthe same mistakes. we don't have to justbe confined to what has happened before orwhat is going on today. we can think differently,and imagine differently, and do things differently. the one thing that we shouldremember, though, is that even as we try to do thingsthat are new, we should remember that changegenerally doesn't

happen overnight. it happens over time. so i say that to youngpeople because sometimes they get impatient. in the united states,sometimes people say to me, oh, why haven't weeliminated racial discrimination inthe united states? and i say, well, we've madea lot of progress since i was born.

in terms of human history,if you think on the scale of hundreds of years orthousands of years -- in 50 years, the changes thathave taken place have been amazing. so you have to understandthat even though we can think differently, societiesdon't move immediately. it requires hard work, andyou have to persuade people. and sometimes you take twosteps forward and then you take one step back.

and you shouldn't bediscouraged when that happens, because historydoesn't just move in a smooth, straight line. the good news is thatwe have more access to information thanwe've ever had before. young people are in aposition to change the world faster than ever before. and i am confident that ifyou are respectful of people and you look for whatyou have in common with

humanity, if you stay trueto the values of kindness, and respect, and reason, andtrying to live together in peace, that the worldwill keep getting better. and i'll be looking forwardto seeing all the amazing things that you doin the years to come. okay? thank you verymuch, everybody.